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Loewe, Frederick Biography




biography of Loewe, Frederick

Loewe, Fritz
10 June 1901, Berlin, Germany
14 February 1988, Palm Springs, California, USA (cancer)


-   'Ernestine Zwerline' (1931 - 1957) (divorced)


-   His first collaboration with Alan Jay Lerner was a 1942 musical adaptation of the farce "The Patsy", called "The Life of the Party"; it was written for a Detroit stock theater company.

-   Has won three Tony Awards, all in collaboration with 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv): two in 1957 for "My Fair Lady," as Best Composer and for his music as part of a Best Musical win; and one in 1974 for Gigi" as Best Score, his music with Lerner's lyrics,

-   Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972.

-   Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume Two, 1986-1990, pages 545-547. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1999.

-   Sued 'Billy Gray (II)' (qv) after he recorded 'Sid Kuller' (qv)'s satiric review of "My Fair Lady" called "My Fairfax Lady", which had enjoyed a five-year run at Gray's comedy club, the Band Box, from 1956 to 1961.


-   (1936- 1982). Active on Broadway in the following productions:

-   (1951) Stage: Composed score (with librettist 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv)) for "Paint Your Wagon", produced on Broadway. NOTE: Filmed as _Paint Your Wagon (1969)_ (qv)

-   My Fair Lady (1956). Musical/Romantic comedy. Book by Alan Jay Lerner. Music by 'Frederick Loewe' (qv). Lyrics by 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv). Adapted from "Pygmalion" by 'George Bernard Shaw' (qv). Music arranged by Robert Russell Bennett and 'Philip J. Lang' (qv). Dance arrangements by 'Trude Rittman' (qv). Musical Director: 'Franz Allers' (qv). Choral arrangements by Gino Smart. Production Design by Oliver Smith. Costume Design by 'Cecil Beaton' (qv). Lighting Design by Feder. Hair Design by Ernest Adler. Wig Design by Ira Senz. Choreographed by Hanya Holm. Directed by 'Moss Hart' (qv). Mark Hellinger Theatre (moved to The Broadhurst Theatre from 28 Feb 1962- 14 Apr 1962, then moved to The Broadway Theatre from 18 Apr 1962- close): 15 Mar 1956- 29 Sep 1962 (2717 performances). Cast: 'Julie Andrews (I)' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle"), 'Rex Harrison (I)' (qv) (as "Henry Higgins") [from 15 Mar 1956- 23 Dec 1957; replaced by 'Edward Mulhare' (qv)], 'Robert Coote' (qv) (as "Colonel Pickering"), 'Stanley Holloway' (qv) (as "Alfred P. Doolittle"), 'Cathleen Nesbitt' (qv) (as "Mrs. Higgins"). Replacement cast: [during Mark Hellinger Theatre run]: Helen Ahola (as "Singing Ensemble"), Christian Alderson (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), Michael Allinson (as "Henry Higgins") [from 10 Feb 1960- ?], Bill Atkinson (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), Gretl Bauer (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Lindsey Bergen (as "First Cockney/Singing Ensemble"), Maxine Berke (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble") [from circa 31 Dec 1957- ?], Mary Sue Berry (as "Servant/Singing Ensemble"), 'Leta Bonynge' (qv) (as "Mrs. Pearce"), 'Leo Britt' (qv) (as "Bystander/Zoltan Karpathy") [from circa 14 May 1956- ?], Margaret Broderson (as "Servant/Singing Ensemble"), Paul Brown (as "Footman"), Betty Buday (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Regina Burger (as "Singing Ensemble") [from circa 12 Sep 1956- ?], Ann Casey (as "Singing Ensemble"), 'Pamela Charles' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle") [from 2 Feb 1959- ?], Diana Chase (as "Singing Ensemble"), Hilda Clarke (as "Singing Ensemble"), Thatcher Clarke (as "Dancing Ensemble/Busker") [from circa Dec 1957- ?], 'Melville Cooper' (qv) (as "Colonel Pickering"), Robin Craven (as "Bystander/Zoltan Karpathy") [from 4 Jun 1956 - ?], Margaret Cuddy (as "Mrs. Higgins' Maid"), Joan Darby (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), 'Reginald Denny (I)' (qv) (as "Colonel Pickering") [from circa 31 Dec 1957- ?], Bill Diehl (as "Singing Ensemble/Third Cockney"), Crandall Diehl (as "Bystander") [from circa 25 Jun 1956- ?], Joan Diehl (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), Gordon Dilworth (as "Alfred P. Doolittle"), Lee Dougherty (as "Singing Ensemble"), Loren Driscoll (as "Freddy Eynsford-Hill"), Christopher Edwards (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Susan Fellows (as "Queen of Transylvania/Servant/Singing Ensemble"), 'Lola Fisher' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle") [from 14 Aug 1956- ?], 'Bramwell Fletcher' (qv) (as "Henry Higgins") [from 25 Aug 1958- ?], Janet Gaylord (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Katia Geleznova (as "Dancing Ensemble") [circa 25 Jun 1956- ?], Don Grilley (as "Singing Ensemble"), Maribel Hammer (as "Lady Boxington/Mrs. Hopkins"), 'Moss Hart' (qv) (as "Escort of the Queen of Transylvania") [from 23 Dec 1957- 23 Dec 1957], Kim Hayward (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Tom Hellmore (as "Henry Higgins") [from 17 Aug 1956- ?], Tom Hestor (as "Busker"), 'Sally Ann Howes' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle") [from 3 Feb 1958- ?], Ray Hyson (as "Third Cockney/Singing Ensemble"), John H. Jones (as "Bartender/Singing Ensemble"), Robert Karl (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), Lawrence Keith (as "Footman/Singing Ensemble/Flunkey"), 'Kay Kendall' (qv) (as "Queen of Transylvania") [from 23 Dec 1957- 23 Dec 1957], Glenn Kezer (as "Butler"), Dieter Klos (as "Dancing Ensemble"), William Krach (as "First Cockney") [circa 31 Dec 1957- ?], Ronnie Lee (as "Dancing Ensemble") [from 14 Aug 1961- 24 Feb 1962], David Lober (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Jean Maggio (as "Servant/Singing Ensemble"), Iva March (as "Dancing Ensemble"), 'Margery Maude' (qv) (as "Mrs. Higgins"), Svetlana McLee (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Rod McLennan (as "Bartender"), Linda McNaughton (as "Servant/Singing Ensemble"), Kiki Minor (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Dale Moreda (as "Dancing Ensemble") [from circa 12 Sep 1956- ?], 'Margot Moser' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle") [from 30 Jan 1961- ?], 'Edward Mulhare' (qv) (as "Henry Higgins") [from 29 Nov 1957- ?], Barton Mumaw (as "Bystander"), Glenn Olson (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Robert Price (as "Singing Ensemble"), 'Ronald Radd' (qv) (as "Alfred P. Doolittle") [from 23 Dec 1957- ?], Rosemary Rainer (as "Eliza Doolittle/Servant/Singing Ensemble"), Charlotte Ray (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Bill Reilly (as "Dancing Ensemble"), 'Viola Roache' (qv) (as "Mrs. Higgins"), Ronald Rosanoff (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Bentley Roton (as "Busker/Dancing Ensemble"), Dorothy Scott (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Karen Shepard (as "Servant/Singing Ensemble"), Barbara Siman (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Robert St. Clair (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Herb Surface (as "Servant"), 'Regina Wallace' (qv) (as "Mrs. Eynsford-Hill") [circa 31 Dec 1957- ?], Marc West (as "Dancing Ensemble") [circa 12 Sep 1956- ?], Harry Woolever (as "Dancing Ensemble"). Understudies: Helen Ahola (as "Mrs. Hopkins"), 'Leo Britt' (qv) (as "Henry Higgins/Colonel Pickering"), 'Robin Craven' (qv) (as "Henry Higgins"), 'Lola Fisher' (qv) (as "Eliza Doolittle"), John H. Jones (as "Freddy Eynsford-Hill"), Lawrence Keith (as "Jamie"), Rosemary Rainer (as "Eliza Doolittle"), Karen Shepard (as "Eliza Doolittle"), 'Regina Wallace' (qv) (as "Mrs. Higgins"). Replacement actors during Broadhurst Theatre run: 'Leta Bonynge' (qv) (as "Mrs. Pearce"), Ronnie Lee (as "Dancing Ensemble") [from 28 Feb 1962- 28 Jul 1962]. Replacement actors during Broadway Theatre run: None noted. Produced by 'Herman Levin' (qv). Note: Filmed as _My Fair Lady (1964)_ (qv) by Warner Brothers.

-   (1960) Stage: Composed score (with librettist 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv)) for "Camelot", produced on Brodway. NOTE: Filmed as _Camelot (1967)_ (qv).

-   (1973) Stage: Composed score (with librettist 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv)) for "Gigi", produced on Broadway. NOTE: Filmed as _Gigi (1958)_ (qv)

-   Great Lady (1938). Musical. Music by 'Frederick Loewe' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Hans Spialek' (qv). Book by Earle Crooker and Lowell Brentano. Lyrics by Earle Crooker and 'Lowell Brentano' (qv). Musical Director: John Fredhoven. Choreographed by William Dollar. Scenic Design by Albert R. Johnson. Costume Design by 'Lucinda Ballard' (qv) and Scott Wilson. Directed by 'Bretaigne Windust' (qv). Majestic Theatre: 1 Dec 1938- 17 Dec 1938 (20 performances). Cast: Anthony Albert, Alicia Alonso, Fernando Alonso, Leda Anchutina, 'Irene Bordoni', 'Tullio Carminati' (qv), 'Wally Cassell' (qv) [billed as Walter Cassel], William Chambers, Gage Clarke, Tania Clell, Edward Craven, Hermione Darrell, Dorothy Denton, Andr√© Eglevsky, Jeanne Elkins, 'Jules Epailly' (qv) (as "Rene Lorraine"), William Fariss, Helen Ford, June Forrest, Arthur Frederix, Basil Galahoff, Isabel Girard, Paul Godkin, Muriel Gratton, Robert Greig, Edward Hedges, Holly Howard, Christine Johnson, Hortense Kahrklin, Edward Kane, Albia Kavan, Nora Kaye, Hortense Kharklin, Beverly Kirk, Dorothy Kirsten, Annabelle Lyon, Joseph Macaulay, Joan Mann, Jay Martinez, Katherine Mayfield, Mary McDonnell, William Mende, Doris Moore, Grace Panvini, Yvonne Patterson, Russel Protopoff, Richard Reed, Lillian Reilly, Newcombe Rice, 'Jerome Robbins' (qv) (as "Ensemble") [Broadway debut], Frederick Schweppe, Robert Shanley, Doris Jane Solly, Libby Starks, 'Shepperd Strudwick' (qv) (as "Pierre de Moreau"), 'Olga Suarez' (qv) (as "Ensemble") [Broadway debut], Charlotte Sumner, Norma Terris, Margaret Vasilieff, Vera Volkenau, John Young. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv) and John H. Del Bondio. Produced by arrangement with 'Frank Crumit' (qv).

-   (1949) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "Brigadoon," was performed at His Majesty's Theatre in London, England with Philip Hanna, Patricia Hughes, Noele Gordon, Bill O'Connor, Hiram Sherman, Paddy Stone, Roy Russell, and Margo Cunningham in the cast.

-   (1953) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "Paint Your Wagon," was performed at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, England with Sally Ann Howes, Bobby Howes, Ken Cantril, and Kenneth Sandford in the cast.

-   (April 1958) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews, Stanley Holloway, Zena Dare, Robert Coote, Margaret Halstan, Peter Gilmore, Bob Chisholm, Max Oldaker, and Mostyn Evans in the cast. Moss Hart was director. Cecil Beaton was costume designer. Cyril Ornadel was conductor.

-   (1959) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Anne Rogers, Alec Clunes, James Hayer, Zena Dare, Hugh Paddick, Linda Gray, Betty Woolfe, Margaret Halstan, Leonard Weir, Gavin Gordon, Vernon Joyner, Alan Dudley, and Elaine Garreau in the cast. Cecil Beaton was costume designer.

-   (1959) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Alec Clunes, Anne Rogers, Stanley Holloway, and Robert Coote in the cast.

-   (1959) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Alec Clunes, Julie Andrews, Stanley Holloway, Robert Coote, and Zena Dare in the cast.

-   (August 1960) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Ann Rogers, Alec Clunes, James Hayter, Zena Dare, and Hugh Paddick in the cast.

-   (1962) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Tonia Lee, Charles Stapley, James Hayter, Zena Dare, and Tom Chatto in the cast.

-   (1963) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Charles Stapley, Tonia Lee, and James Hayter in the cast.

-   (1964) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "Camelot," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Laurence Harvey, Elizabeth Larner, Miles Malleson, and Nicky Henson in the cast. Robert Helpmann was director. Kenneth Alwyn was conductor.

-   (1975) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Derby Playhouse in Derby, Derbyshire, England with John Humphry, Cookie Weymouth, Ted Merwood, George Woolley, Arnold Peters, and Louise Gold in the cast. Mark Woolgar was director.

-   (1979) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Adelphi Theatre in London, England with Tony Britton, Liz Robertson, Peter Bayliss, Anna Neagle, and Richard Caldicot in the cast. Robin Midgeley was director.

-   (February 1980) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "My Fair Lady," was performed at the Adelphi Theatre in London, England with Liz Robertson, Tony Britton, Peter Bayliss, Anna Neagle, and Richard Caldicot in the cast. Robin Midgeley was director.

-   (1982) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "Camelot," was performed at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in London, England with Richard Harris, Fiona Fullerton, and William Squire in the cast.

-   (1985) Alan Jay Lerner and his musical, "Gigi," was performed at the Lyric Theatre in London, England with Beryl Reid, Jean-Pierre Aumont, and Sian Phillips in the cast.

-   (1947). Stage Play: Brigadoon. Musical comedy. Music by Frederick Loewe. Lyrics by 'Alan Jay Lerner' (qv). Book by Alan Jay Lerner. Musical Director: 'Franz Allers' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Ted Royal' (qv). Vocal arrangements by 'Frederick Loewe' (qv). Scenic Design by Oliver Smith. Choreographed by 'Agnes de Mille' (qv). Directed by 'Robert Lewis (I)' (qv). Ziegfeld Theatre: 13 Mar 1947- 31 Jul 1948 (581 performances). Cast: Delbert Anderson (as "Singer"), Paul Anderson (as "Stuart Dalrymple"), Nathan Baker (as "Dancer"), Marion Bell (as "Fiona MacLaren"), Forrest Bonshire (as "Dancer"), Kay Borron (as "Singer"), 'Virginia Bosler' (qv) (as "Jean MacLaren") [Broadway debut], Pamela Britton (as "Meg Brockie"), David Brooks (as "Tommy Albright"), Arthur Carroll (as "Singer"), Frances Charles (as "Jane Ashton"), Wanda Cochran (as "Singer"), Edward Cullen (as "Andrew MacLaren"), 'Richard D'Arcy' (as "Dancer"), George Drake (as "Sword Dancer/Dancer"), Lois Eastman (as "Singer"), Lidija Franklin (as "Maggie Anderson/Dancer"), Lydia Fredericks (as "Singer"), Anna Friedland (as "Dancer"), Helen Gallagher (as "Dancer"), Phyllis Gehrig (as "Dancer"), Hayes Gordon (as "Singer"), Jeanne Grant (as "Singer"), Roland Guerard (as "Sword Dancer/Dancer"), William Hansen (as "Mr. Lundie"), Dorothy Hill (as "Dancer"), Arthur Horn (as "Bagpiper"), Margaret Hunter (as "Kate MacQueen/Singer"), George Keane (as "Jeff Douglas"), Bunty Kelley (as "Fishmonger/Dancer"), Mark Kramer (as "Singer"), Ina Kurland (as "Dancer"), Kenneth Le Roy (as "Dancer"), Olga Lunick (as "Dancer"), Robert Lussier (as "Singer"), James MacFadden (as "Bagpiper"), Mary Martinet (as "Dancer"), Linda Mason (as "Singer"), Tommy Matthews (as "Singer"), Keny McCord (as "Singer"), Charles McCraw (as "Dancer"), James Mitchell (as "Harry Beaton"), Virginia Oswald (as "Singer"), Eleanor Parker (as "Singer"), John Paul (as "Frank"), Michael Raymond (as "Singer"), Earl Redding (as "MacGregor/Singer"), Shirley Robbins (as "Singer"), Walter Scheff (as "Angus McGuffie"), John Schmidt (as "Singer"), Stanley Simmons (as "Dancer"), Faye Elizabeth (as "Smith Singer"), Elliot Sullivan (as "Archie Beaton"), Lee Sullivan (as "Charlie Dalrymple"), Betty Templeton (as "Singer"), Kirsten Valbor (as "Dancer"), Paul Valin (as "Singer"), Allen Waine (as "Dancer"), Jeffrey Warren Sandy Dean/Singer"), William Weber Dancer"). Replacement actors: Delbert Anderson (as "Frank/Stuart Dalrymple"), Jordan Bentley (as "Sandy Dean"), 'Priscilla Gillette' (qv) (as "Fiona MacLaren") [Broadway debut], 'Hayes Gordon' (qv) (as "Sandy Dean"), Bill Hogue (as "Stuart Dalrymple"), James Jamieson (as "Harry Beaton"), Jules Racine (as "Angus McGuffie/Sandy Dean"), James Roche (as "Bagpiper"), Albert Ruiz (as "Harry Beaton"), James White (as "Sword Dancer"). Produced by 'Cheryl Crawford (I)' (qv). Note: Filmed by MGM as _Brigadoon (1954)_ (qv), also broadcast as a TV special _Brigadoon (1966) (TV)_ (qv).


-   Gene Lees. _Inventing Champagne: The Worlds of Lerner and Loewe._ New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.

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