Mukherjee, Hrishikesh Biography

biography of Mukherjee, Hrishikesh

30 September 1922, Calcutta, West Bengal, India
27 August 2006, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India (renal failure)
By no means is he any glamorous director, yet Hrishikesh Mukherjee is one of the most popular and beloved filmmakers in Indian cinema. His magic lay not in the glamor or largeness so often associated with cinema, but in its simplicity and warmth. He began his career in Bombay, 1951, as an editor and assistant director to Bimal Roy, another great director himself. His first directorial venture, _Musafir (1957)_ (qv), centering on an old house where three unrelated stories dealing with birth, marriage and death occur in a series, was a disaster. But director Raj Kapoor was impressed and strongly recommended Hrishida as director for _Anari (1959)_ (qv). Starring Kapoor himself and Nutan, the film was a critical and commercial success. His next film, _Anuradha (1961)_ (qv), about an idealistic doctor who neglects his wife to focus on his work, got him the President's Medal Award. But from then on throughout the 1960s decade, none of Hrishida films were particularly distinguishable, barring Asli-Naqli (1962), a Muslim melodrama; _Anupama (1966)_ (qv), which was based on a true incident; _Aashirwad (1968)_ (qv), a family drama; and _Satyakam (1969)_ (qv), about an idealist seeing his dreams crumble after Indian independence. Then Hrishida made what is considered his masterpiece - _Anand (1971)_ (qv). This classic film gave a complex but compassionate look at the balance between hope, fear, life and death and saw Rajesh Khanna's greatest performance as a terminally ill man who wishes to live life to the full before he dies. It was an auspicious beginning to the 1970s, for that time proved to be an exceptionally good time for Hrishida as he gave the public excellent films like Guddi (1971), a semi-satiric look at the film industry and generally considered as Jaya Bhaduri's debut film; _Abhimaan (1973)_ (qv), the Bachchans' greatest ever performance together; and _Chupke Chupke (1975)_ (qv), a comedy about a newlywed professor's joke on his pompous brother-in-law. These films gave an extremely skilled and detailed look at the middle-class mentality. Few people understood human nature as well as Hrishida - in all his films he examined their aspects, particularly their failings and foibles and the outworn values people always seem to hold on to. However in the 1980s, the advent of the superstar Amitabh Bachchan and of larger-than-life films saw Hrishida's brand of filmmaking die out. Recently he attempted a comeback with _Jhooth Bole Kauwa Kaate (1999)_, but sadly it was a futile effort as the film was a commercial and critical failure. However, the magic of his films still lingers after three decades, and he will be best remembered for his film _Anand (1971)_ (qv), which told that people who die but remain in heart and mind do not die, but become immortal. No one justifies this truth more than Hrishida.
Q. Leo Rahman

-   He was a close friend of Bimal Roy and Raj Kapoor, both of whom gave him his break in Bollywood. Consequently, he dedicated _Anupama (1966)_ (qv) to Roy, while _Anand (1971)_ (qv) was dedicated to Kapoor.

-   He served as Chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification and of the National Film Development Corporation.

-   About _Anupama (1966)_ (qv): "People would joke that my film was such a big hit because Indian men found an ideal woman in Uma, my heroine - because she barely talks and remains a timid introvert!"

-   It's more difficult to portray simple emotions on screen than complex ones. And that's why I try to delve more into such themes.

-   I try to make my films like sugarcoated messages, but the sugar should not exceed the medicine.

-   "The New York Times" (USA), 2 September 2006, by: Haresh Pandya, "Hrishikesh Mukherjee, 83, Veteran Director of Indian Films, Is Dead"

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  1. Chitrashalabham (1998) (story)
  2. Jhooth Bole Kauwa Kaate (1998) (screenplay)
  3. Achha Bura (1983) (screenplay)
  4. Rang Birangi (1983) (screenplay)
  5. Alaap (1977) (story developer)
  6. Abhimaan (1973) (story) <4,1,1>
  7. Namak Haraam (1973) (story)
  8. Bawarchi (1972) (screenplay) <2,1,1>
  9. Anand (1971) (screenplay) <1,1,1>
  10. Anand (1971) (story) <3,1,1>
  11. Guddi (1971) (screenplay) <2,1,1>
  12. Aashirwad (1968) (screenplay)
  13. Aashirwad (1968) (story)
  14. Anupama (1966) (story)
  15. Mem-Didi (1961) (screenplay)
  16. Musafir (1957) (screenplay) (as Hrishikes Mukherjee)
  17. Musafir (1957) (story) (as Hrishikes Mukherjee)
  18. Do Bigha Zamin (1953) (scenario)

Movies Produced

  1. Jhooth Bole Kauwa Kaate (1998) (producer)
  2. Khubsoorat (1980) (producer)
  3. Gol Maal (1979) (producer)
  4. Alaap (1977) (producer)
  5. Chupke Chupke (1975) (producer)
  6. Mili (1975) (producer)
  7. Bawarchi (1972) (producer)
  8. Sabse Bada Sukh (1972) (producer)
  9. Anand (1971) (producer)
  10. Guddi (1971) (producer)
  11. Aashirwad (1968) (producer)
  12. Anuradha (1961) (producer) (as Hrisihkesh Mukherjee)
  13. Musafir (1957) (producer) (as Hrishikes Mukherjee)


  1. Sadma (1983) (presenter)
  2. Zindagi (1976) (presenter)
  3. Achanak (1973) (presenter)