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Rodgers, Richard (I) Biography




biography of Rodgers, Richard (I)

Richard Charles Rodgers
Dick
28 June 1902, New York City, New York, USA
30 December 1979, New York City, New York, USA


-   'Dorothy Rodgers (I)' (qv) (1940 - 30 December 1979) (his death); 2 children


-   Father of writer 'Mary Rodgers' (qv) and 'Linda Rogers (III)' (qv) Melnick.

-   Grandfather of composer/lyricist/actor 'Adam Guettel' (qv) and composer 'Peter Rodgers Melnick' (qv).

-   Wrote over 1,500 songs (at least 85 regarded as standards),and 42 musicals, 19 of which were transferred to film.

-   He was one of the pioneers, along with 'Jerome Kern' (qv) and 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv), in the creation of a less frivolous type of musical theater than had been the case, in which musicals were adapted from well-known plays or novels, and featured dialog taken directly from those plays and/or novels, as well as believable, realistic characterizations, with dramatic storylines which sometimes contained tragedy and did not necessarily follow the usual formulas. His first musical using an unusual storyline and characters was "Pal Joey" , written with 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and produced in 1940, based on short stories by 'John O'Hara (II)' (qv), about an unprincipled but sympathetic nightclub hoofer who does not reform. It was not very successful in its first run, but became a hit in 1952 (and was unfortunately watered down in its 1957 film version). The musicals Rodgers wrote, beginning in 1943 with Oscar Hammerstein II, overthrew many of the usual musical theater formulas of the time and continued the path begun by Hammerstein and Kern in their 1927 "Show Boat". The Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals sometimes used ballet sequences to reveal what was happening in the mind of one of the characters, the lead characters were not necessarily admirable people (i.e "Carousel"'s Billy Bigelow), one or more characters were sometimes killed off in the storylines, the hero and heroine did not necessarily fall in love or have a love scene (as in "The King and I"), and very often subjects which were then considered taboo in musicals were used. The songs in most of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals (with the exception of some of the musical numbers in "The Sound of Music") developed the storyline and the characters, and could not be removed from the shows without seriously damaging them.

-   Family name was originally Rojazinsky, becoming Rodgers when his father changed the family name to a more Americanized one sometime in the 1880s.

-   One of the first Kennedy Center Honorees in 1978.

-   In addition to their phenomenal success as writers of their own shows, Rodgers and Hammerstein produced shows by other writers, as well, most notably 'Irving Berlin (I)' (qv)'s "Annie Get Your Gun" and 'John Van Druten' (qv)'s "I Remember Mama." The latter, incidentally, became the basis for Rodgers' last completed show. Written in collaboration with 'Martin Charnin' (qv) and starring 'Liv Ullmann' (qv), Rodgers' "I Remember Mama" was one of the most notorious Broadway flops of the 1970s, running only a few months in 1979, largely on advance ticket sales. Rodgers died shortly after it closed. Most agreed that it was a sad end to an otherwise distinguished career.

-   "The King and I" was performed at the London Palladium in 2000 and was nominated for Outstanding Musical Production at the 'Laurence Olivier' (qv) Theatre Awards in 2001.

-   His musical, "Oklahoma!" was awarded the 1998 London Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Musical.

-   Broadway's 46th Street Theater was renamed the Richard Rodgers Theater in 1980. This was somewhat ironic, in that none of Rodgers' major shows ever played at that theater.

-   Served as Managing Director of the Music Theater of Lincoln Center, 1964-1969. During this period, the Music Theater, whose productions were given at the New York State Theater, presented three successful revivals of Rodgers and Hammerstein shows: "The King and I" with 'Risë Stevens' (qv), 'Darren McGavin' (qv) and 'Frank Porretta' (qv) in 1964; "Carousel" with 'John Raitt' (qv) and 'Edward Everett Horton' (qv) in 1965 and "South Pacific" with 'Florence Henderson (I)' (qv) and 'Giorgio Tozzi' (qv) in 1967.

-   Won eleven Tony Awards: three in 1950 for "South Pacific" for his music as part of the Best Musical win; as Best Composer; and as Best Producers (Musical), shared with 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv), 'Leland Hayward' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv); one in 1952, for his music with Hammerstein's book and lyrics as part of a Best Musical win for "The King and I"; two in 1960, for his music as part of a Best Musical win for "The Sound of Music" in a tie with "Fiorello!, and as Best Composer, in a tie with 'Jerry Bock' (qv) for "Fiorello!"; two in 1962, as Best Composer for "No Strings" and a Special Tony Award "for all he has done for young people in the theatre and for taking the men of the orchestra out of the pit and putting them on stage in 'No Strings';" one in 1972, another Special Tony Award; and one in 1979, the 'Lawrence Langner' (qv) Memorial Award for Distinguished Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre. He was also Tony-nominated five other times: in 1956, for his music and as a co-producer of Best Musical nominee "Pipe Dream"; in 1959 for his music for Best Musical nominee "Flower Drum Song;" in 1962 for his music and lyrics and as co-producer of Best Musical nominee "No Strings;" in 1972 for Best Composer and Lyricist with collaborator 'Stephen Sondheim' (qv) for "Do I Hear a Waltz?;" and in 1996, posthumously, for Best Original Musical Score, music only for designated songs that were original and not in the previous film version of _State Fair (1945)_ (qv).

-   Along with his lyricist-partner 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv), he made more than ten appearances on _"Toast of the Town" (1948)_ (qv), 'Ed Sullivan (I)' (qv)'s television show. They are probably the only American musical play creators to have made that many personal appearances on one television series.

-   Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

-   Is a member of Pi Lambda Phi fraternity.

-   Won a 1961 Special Tony Award (New York City) for his work with young people in the theater and putting the orchestra on the stage in his production "No Strings.".

-   Won a 1972 individual Special Tony Award (New York City).

-   Won a 1979 'Lawrence Langner' (qv) Tony Award (New York City) and for a distinguished life in the American theater.

-   Richard Rodgers won the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for the musical "South Pacific" collaborating with 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv).

-   Ex-father-in-law of 'Daniel Melnick (I)' (qv).

-   Portrayed by 'Tom Drake (I)' (qv) in _Words and Music (1948)_ (qv).

-   Brother-in-law of 'Ben Feiner Jr.' (qv).

-   Is one of the only 12 people who are an EGOT, which means that he won at least one of all of the four major entertainment awards: Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony. The other ones in chronological order are 'Barbra Streisand' (qv), 'Helen Hayes (I)' (qv), 'Rita Moreno (I)' (qv), 'Liza Minnelli' (qv), 'John Gielgud' (qv), 'Audrey Hepburn (I)' (qv), 'Marvin Hamlisch' (qv), 'Jonathan Tunick' (qv), 'Mel Brooks (I)' (qv), 'Mike Nichols (I)' (qv) and 'Whoopi Goldberg' (qv). Barbra Streisand, however, won a Special Tony Award, not a competitive one, and Liza Minnelli won a Special Grammy.

-   Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The King and I," at the Porchlight Music Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for the 2011 Equity Joseph Jefferson Award for Musical Production (Midsize).

-   Studied at the Institute of Musical Art in New York from 1921 to 1923.

-   Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The Sound of Music" at the Drury Lane Oakbrook Theatre in Oakbrook, Illinois was nominated for a 2012 Equity Joseph Jefferson Award for Musical Production (Large).


-   Active on Broadway in the following productions:

-   A Lonely Romeo (1919). Musical comedy. Music by 'Malvin M. Franklin' (qv) and 'Robert Hood Bowers' (qv). Book by 'Harry B. Smith' (qv) and 'Lew Fields' (qv). Lyrics by Robert B. Smith and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Additional music by Otis Spencer and 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Musical Director: Robert Hood Bowers. Orchestrations for Malvin Franklin's numbers Charles Grant. Scenic Design by P. Dodd Ackerman. Costume Design by 'Cora MacCreachy' (qv). Choreographed by Jack Mason. Directed by W.H. Post. Shubert Theatre (moved to The Casino Theatre from 28 Jul 1919 to close): 10 Jun 1919- 10 Nov 1919 (215 performances). Cast: Arthur Ball, Julia Barnette, Ellen Best, Frank Billings, Frank Binns (as "Mr. Cheatham"), Helen Blake, Hazel Bowman, 'Octavia Broske' (qv), Jessica Brown, Toots Bryce, Robert Calley, Frances Cameron, Clara Carroll, Jean Carroll, Edna Chase, Harry Clarke, George Coogan, Jeannette Cooke, Frank Cornell, Louise Dale, Jim Dalton, Marjorie Day, Virginia DeLillies, 'Frank Doane' (qv) (as "Ichabod Wintergreen"), Marion Dorr, 'Herbert Fields' (qv) (as "Milton"), 'Lew Fields' (qv) (as "Augustus Tripp"), Margaret Finley, Gladys Fisher, Helen Fox, Pauline Garon, 'Alan Hale (I)' (qv) (as "Gilbert Grant"), Eleanor Henry, Nan Hope, Jack Kellar, Gladys Lang, Elsie Lange, Artie Leeming, Clarence Levy, Muriel Lodge (as "Madame Flambauex/Bessie Bonstella/Mrs. Lenox/Customer"), Charlie Mitchell, Gypsy Mooney, Ruth Reavis, Richard Russ, 'Willie Solar' (qv), Nellie St. Clair, Willie St. Clair, Lauretta Stanley, Louise Strong, 'Fay Tunis' (qv), Catherine Van Pelt, Alton Weber, Joe Wilmot Niemeyer, Violet Wilson. Produced by Lee Shubert, J.J. Shubert and 'Lew Fields' (qv).

-   Poor Little Ritz Girl (1920). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv) and 'Sigmund Romberg' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and Alex Gerber. Book by 'Lew Fields' (qv) and George Campbell. Musical Director: 'Pierre De Reeder' (qv). Conducted by 'Charles Previn' (qv). Lighting Design by 'Ned Wayburn' (qv). Scenic Design by H. Robert Law. Costume Design by 'Cora MacCreachy' (qv), Anna Spencer and Marie Cook. Choreographed by David Bennett. Directed by Ned Wayburn. Central Theatre: 28 Jul 1920- 16 Oct 1920 (93 performances). Cast: Julie Anderson, Bobbie Beckwith, Eugenie Blair (as "Jane DePuyster"), Elsie Bonwit, Ardele Cleaves, Dolly Clements, DeSacia Crandell, Michael Cunningham, Frisco Devere, Eleanor Griffith, Ruth Hale, Mabel Hastings, Donald Kerr, Dore Leighton, Muriel Manners, Lulu McConnell, Mabel Pearson, Mary Phillips, Nan Phillips, 'Aileen Poe' (qv) (as "Lillian Lawrence"), 'Charles Purcell' (qv) (as "William Pembroke"), Josephine Rolfe, Grant Simpson, Lee Smith, Madeline Smith, 'Andrew Tombes' (qv) (as "Dr. Russell Stevens"), Peggy Walsh, Betty Warlow, Florence Webber, Vivian White. Produced by Lew Fields.

-   Garrick Gaieties (1925). Musical revue. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Musical Staging by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Directed by 'Philip Loeb (I)' (qv). Garrick Theatre: 8 Jun 1925- 28 Nov 1926 (211 performances). Cast: Sally Bates, 'Alvah Bessie' (qv), 'Romney Brent' (qv), Dorothea Chard, June Cochrane, Harold Conklin, Peggy Conway, Henry Geiger, 'Hildegarde Halliday' (qv), Carolyn Hancock, Edward Hogan, 'Sterling Holloway' (qv), 'Libby Holman' (qv), Frances Hyde, 'Felix Jacoves' (qv), 'House Jameson' (qv), Paul Jones, Starr West Jones, Stanley Lindahl, Philip Loeb, Mary Marsh, John McGovern, 'Edith Meiser' (qv), 'Sanford Meisner' (qv), James Norris, Jack Quigley, Louis Richardson, Rose Rolanda, Eleanor Shaler, 'Betty Starbuck' (qv), 'Lee Strasberg' (qv), Willard Tobias, Barbara Wilson. Produced by The Theatre Guild.

-   June Days (1925). Musical comedy. Music by 'J. Fred Coots' (qv). Book by 'Cyrus Wood' (qv). Lyrics by 'Clifford Grey' (qv) Based on a comedy by Robert Milton and 'Alice Duer Miller' (qv). Musical Director: John L. McManus. Featuring songs by Alfred Goodman, 'Maurice Ruebens' (qv) and 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Featuring songs with lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Choreographed by 'Seymour Felix' (qv). Production Supervised by J.J. Shubert. Astor Theatre (moved to The Central Theatre (7 Sep 1925- close): 6 Aug 1925- 17 Oct 1925 (84 performances). Cast: Winifred Beck, Isabelle Brown, Adelaide Candee, Sylvia Carol, Willa De Brauw, Dorothy Deeder, George Dobbs, 'Bertha Donn' (qv) (as "Sally Boyd"), Helen Doyle, Frances Ebert, 'Jay C. Flippen' (qv) (as "Johnson"), Ethel Fuller, Claire Grenville, Shirley Gustin, 'Winifred Harris' (qv) (as "Mrs. Rolles"), Elizabeth Hines, Maurice Holland, Millie James, 'Lee Kohlmar' (qv) (as "Herman Van Zandt"), Joan Lyons, Aileen Meehan, Mabel Olsen, Jacqueline Paige, Bobbie Perkins, 'Ralph Reader' (qv) (as "Butler"), Roy Royston, Bebe Stanton, Gladys Walton, Flora Watson, Beatrice Wendell, June Zimmerman. Produced by Lee Shubert and J.J. Shubert.

-   Dearest Enemy (1925). Musical comedy. Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv), Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by Emil Gerstenberger. Dances and Ensembles Directed by Carl Hemmer. Orchestra under the direction of Richard Rodgers. Libretto Directed by Charles Sinclair and Harry Ford. Scenic Design by Clark Robinson. Costume Design by Mark Mooring (Costumes for Act One), Hubert Davis (Costumes for Act One) and James Reynolds (Costumes for Acts Two and Three). Knickerbocker Theatre: 18 Sep 1925- 22 May 1926 (286 performances). Cast: Flavia Arcaro, Peggy Bancroft, Charles Bennington, Arthur Brown, 'Walter Burke' (qv) (as "Ensemble") [Broadway debut], Rachel Chester, Harold Crane, Roberta Curry, James Cushman, Marian Dabney, Marita Dennis, H.E. Eldridge, William Evill, Gloria Faye, Helen Ford, Percy French, Alden Gay, Louis Gomez, Conrad Gordon, George Harold, Don Knobloch, Frank Lambert, Edward Larkin, Andrew Lawlor Jr. (as "Jimmy Burke"), Joy Leitch, Betty Linn, Mildred Mann, Burton McEvilly, Elizabeth North, Jane Overton, Josephine Payne, 'Detmar Poppen' (qv) (as "General John Tryon"), Geneva Price, 'Charles Purcell' (qv) (as "Captain Sir John Copeland"), Eugenia Renon, John Seymour, Jack Shannon, Lucille Smyser, Helen Spring, Mark Truscott, John Valentine, Marian Williams, Polly Williams, Percy Woodley, Devah Worrell, Mabel Zoeckler. Produced by George Ford.

-   The Girl Friend (1926). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Maurice De Packh' (qv). Musical Director: Ernest Cutting. Scenic Design by P. Dodd Ackerman. Production Supervised by 'Lew Fields' (qv). Directed by John Harwood. Vanderbilt Theatre: 17 Mar 1926- 4 Dec 1926 (301 performances). Cast: Dorothy Barber, Olive Beebe, Walter Bigelow, Dorothy Brown, Arthur C. Budd, Evelyn Cavanaugh, Austin Clark, Roy Clements, June Cochrane, Gertrude Cole, 'Eva Condon' (qv) (as "Fanny Silver"), 'Frank Doane' (qv) (as "Arthur Spencer"), Francis X. Donegan, Joel Duroe, A. Goodrich, Eve Marie Gray, John Hundley, Jack Kogan, Alice Kosta, Ainsley Lambert, Eddie Leslie, Carol Lynne, William Marshall, Elizabeth Mears, Gypsy Mooney, Jan Moore, Herman Newman, Virginia Otis, Eva Puck, Leon Rose, Dorothy Roy, Paul Sabin, Silvia Shawn, Helen Shepard, K. Smith Stanley, Evelyn Ruth Urilda, Sam White, Sanford Wolf. Produced by Lew Fields.

-   Garrick Gaieties (1926). Musical revue (revival). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Guild Theatre: 10 May 1926- 9 Oct 1926 (174 performances). Cast: 'Romney Brent' (qv), Jack Edwards, Blanche Fleming, George Frierson, William Griffith, 'Sterling Holloway' (qv), Dorothy Jordan, Gladys Laird, 'Philip Loeb (I)' (qv), John McGovern, 'Edith Meiser' (qv), Ruth Morris, Hardwick Nevin, Bobbie Perkins, Eleanor Shaler, 'Betty Starbuck' (qv). Produced by The Theatre Guild.

-   Peggy-Ann (1926). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Suggested by the musical "Tillie's Nightmare" with book and lyrics by 'Edgar Smith (I)' (qv). Suggested by the musical "Tillie's Nightmare" with music by 'A. Baldwin Sloane' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Roy Webb (I)' (qv). Musical Director: Roy Webb. Directed by Robert Milton. Vanderbilt Theatre: 27 Dec 1926- 29 Oct 1927 (333 performances). Cast: Margaret Breen, 'Lester Cole (II)' (qv) (as "Guy Pendleton"), Grace Connelly, Wally Coyle, Howard Eames, Enes Early, G. Douglas Evans, 'Helen Ford' (qv) (as "Peggy-Ann"), Sherry Gale, Barney Jackson, Louise Joyce, Maretta Kay, Leda Knapp, Harold Lang, Lulu McConnell, 'Edith Meiser' (qv) (as "Dolores Barnes"), Fuller Mellish Jr. (as "Arnold Small"), Harold Mellish, Beth Meredith, Margaret Miller, Jack Morton, Gordon Phillips, Patrick Rafferty, Dorothy Roy, Evelyn Ruh, Grant Simpson, 'Betty Starbuck' (qv) (as "Alice Frost"), Jack Thompson, Marion Trabue, Velma Valentine. Produced by 'Lew Fields' (qv) and Lyle D. Andrews.

-   Betsy (1926). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Based on material by 'Irving Caesar (I)' (qv) and David Freedman. Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Musical Director: 'Victor Baravalle' (qv). Featuring songs with lyrics by A. Segal. Choreographed by Sammy Lee. Directed by William Anthony McGuire. Production Supervised by 'Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.' (qv) New Amsterdam Theatre: 28 Dec 1926- 29 Jan 1927 (39 performances). Cast: Belle Baker (as "Betsy"), Madeline Cameron, Dan Healy, Ed Hickey, Pauline Hoffman, Jimmy Hussey, Allen Kearns, Vanita La Nier, Evelyn Law, Barbara Newberry, Bobbie Perkins, Phil Pyley, 'Al Shean' (qv) (as "Stonewall Moskowitz"), Jack White, Ralph Whitehead. Produced by 'Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.' (qv)

-   A Connecticut Yankee (1927). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Musical Director: Paul Parnell. Adapted from the work of 'Mark Twain' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Roy Webb (I)' (qv). Dances by 'Busby Berkeley' (qv). Directed by 'Alexander Leftwich' (qv). Vanderbilt Theatre: 2 Nov 1927- 27 Oct 1928 (421 performances). Cast: Ward Arnold, Charles Bannister, Olive Bertram, Chester Bree (as "Sir Tristan, in the play/Ensemble"), Arnold Brown, Nana Bryant, 'Gordon Burbe' (qv) (as "Albert Kay, Sir Kay the Seneschal in the play"), Constance Carpenter, June Cochrane, Margaret Collins, Grace Connelly, John Creighton, Martin Denis, Regina Diamond, Enez Early, Paul Everton, Ednor Fulling, 'William Gaxton' (qv) (as "Martin, The Yankee in the play"), Harriet Hammill, Jane Hurd, Fred Jordan, Leoda Knapp, Katharine Kohler, Helen Mann, Dan McGovern, Margaret Miller, Jack Morton, John Morton, Marion Nevins, William Norris, Frank Norton, William Rosell, Dorothy Rubino, Evelyn Ruh, Jack Thompson. Produced by 'Lew Fields' (qv) and Lyle D. Andrews.

-   She's My Baby (1928). Musical comedy/farce. Book by 'Bert Kalmar' (qv) and 'Harry Ruby' (qv). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Special Augmented Orchestra under the direction of: Gene Salzer. Costume Design by Francillon, Inc. and Raymond Sovey. Scenic Design by Raymond Sovey. Choreographed by Mary Read. Directed by 'Edward Royce' (qv). Globe Theatre: 3 Jan 1928- 3 Mar 1928 (71 performances). Cast: 'Beatrice Lillie' (qv) (as "Tilly"), Paul Banker, James H. Beattie, 'Joan Clement' (qv) (as "Joan"), May Cornes, Cleo Cullen, Peggy Cunningham, Evelyn Dehkes, Teddy Denton, Bernie Dirkes, 'Frank Doane' (qv) (as "Mr. Hemingway, Martin's trustee"), Malcolm Duffield, 'Irene Dunne' (qv) (as "Polly"), 'Pearl Eaton' (qv) (as "Pearl"), Evelyn Ellsmore, 'Geraldine Fitzgerald (I)' (qv) (as "Ensemble"), 'William Frawley' (qv) (as "Meadows"), Doreen Glover, Alfred Hale, Violet Hanbury, Muriel Hayman, Elsie Holt, Grace Holt, Topsy Humphries, 'Nick Long Jr.' (qv) (as "The Dance Director"), Mary Louise, William McCarthy, Glenn McComas, Alfred Milano, Catherine Na Varro, Blanche O'Donohoe, Charlotte Otis, Jessie Payne, Phyllis Rae, Peti Reed, Lily Reilly, Anna Riley, Evelyn Sayers, Loretta Sayers, Georgie Sewell, Ula Sharon, William Sholar Jr., Iris Smith, Pearl Sodders, Peggy Sowden, Robert Spencer, Jack Stevens, Ward Tallman, Norma Taylor, George Vigouroux, Robert Vreeland, Florence Ware, Doris Waterworth, 'Clifton Webb' (qv) (as "Clyde Parker, the author"), 'Hazel Webb' (qv), Jack Whiting, Jill Williams, Vivian Wilson, Hilda Winstanley, Dorothy Wyatt. Produced by 'Charles B. Dillingham' (qv).

-   Present Arms (1928). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Musical Director: 'Roy Webb (I)' (qv). Choreographed by 'Busby Berkeley' (qv). Directed by 'Alexander Leftwich' (qv). Lew Fields' Mansfield Theatre: 26 Apr 1928- 1 Sep 1928 (155 performances). Cast: 'Joyce Barbour' (qv) (as "Edna Stevens"), James H. Beattie, Busby Berkeley (as "Douglas Atwell"), Gaile Beverley, Milton Brodus, Dorothy Brown, Rachel Chester, Evelyn Crowell, William Culloo, Louis Delgado, Demaris Dore, Jack Douglas, Frank Gagen, Sherry Gale, Aline Green, Frances Hess, Florence Hunter, Louise Joyce, Henrietta Kay, Frank Kimball, Charles King (as "Chick Evans"), Anthony Knilling, Charlotte La Rose, Richard Lane, Edward Larkin, 'Flora le Breton' (qv) (as "Lady Delphine"), Alexander Lewis (as "Karl"), 'Frank Losee (I)' (qv) (as "Ensemble"), Jerome Maxwell, Glenn McComas (as "Ensemble"), 'Jock McGraw' (qv) (as "McKabe"), 'Fuller Mellish' (qv) (as "McKenna"), Beth Meredith, Walter Pharr, Polly Ray, Wilburn Riviere, 'Alma Ross' (qv) (as "Luana/Moulika"), Patricia Ross, Sydney Smith, Robert Spencer, Thomas Sternfeld, Marion Stuart, Wanda Wood, Franker Woods, Jessica Worth. Produced by 'Lew Fields' (qv).

-   Chee-Chee (1928). Musical comedy. Book by 'Lew Fields' (qv). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by Roy Webb. Musical Director: 'Roy Webb (I)' (qv). Based on the novel "The Son of the Grand Eunuch" by Charles Pettit. Choreographed by Jack Haskell. Directed by 'Alexander Leftwich' (qv). Lew Fields' Mansfield Theatre: 25 Sep 1928- 20 Oct 1928 (31 performances). Cast: George Ali, Violetta Aoki, 'Marshall Bradford' (qv) (as "Leader of Khonghouses"), Richardson Brown, Gene Byron, James Dale, Robert Davis, Helen Ford, Ralph Glover, William Griffith, Evelyn Hannons, George Hassell, 'George Houston' (qv) (as "The Tartar Chief"), Paul Jensen, George C. Lehrian, 'Philip Loeb (I)' (qv) (as "Innkeeper/Produndity and Meditation"), Alan Lowe, Bunny Moore, Starke Patterson, Ruby Poe, Eugenia Renon, Dorothy Roye, Masa Sanami, Helen Shepard, 'Betty Starbuck' (qv) (as "Li-Li Wee"), Velma Valentine, Ted White, William Williams. Produced by Lew Fields.

-   Lady Fingers (1929). Musical comedy. Music by Joseph Meyer. Book by 'Edward Buzzell' (qv), from the comedy "Easy Come, Easy Go", by 'Owen Davis (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Edward Eliscu' (qv). Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek and 'Roy Webb (I)' (qv). Musical Director: Roy Webb. Featuring songs by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Featuring songs with lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Directed by 'Edgar J. MacGregor' (qv). Vanderbilt Theatre (moved to The Liberty Theatre from 1 Apr 1929- close): 31 Jan 1929- 25 May 1929 (132 performances). Cast: Marcia Bell, Joey Benton, Al Berl, John Bragg, Louise Brown, Edward Buzzell (as "Jim Bailey"), Grace Connelly, Alan Crane, Cleo Cullen, James Curran, Violet Dell, Martin Dennis, Jim Diamond, Jack Dugan, Enes Early, Mildred Espy (as "Ensemble"), 'Robert Fleming (I)' (qv) (as "Masters"), Louise Garnett, 'Ruth Gordon (I)' (qv) (as "Ruth/Ensemble"), Aline Green, William Griffith, Degnan Harnden, Red Harnden, John Price Jones, Sidney Kane, Harry Lake, Gertrude MacDonald, Dorothy McCarthy, Margaret McCarthy, Margaret Miller, Lucille Moore, Jack Morton, Esther Muir, Anna Mycue, Billy Neely, Frances Nevins, Charlotte Otis, Anna Rex, Al Sexton, Charles Troy, Velma Valentine, Lew Walker, Edwin Walter, Herbert Waterous, Marjorie White. Produced by Lyle D. Andrews.

-   Spring is Here (1929). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Book by 'Owen Davis (I)' (qv). Musical Director: 'Alfred Newman' (qv). Choreographed by 'Bobby Connolly' (qv). Alvin Theatre: 11 Mar 1929- 8 Jun 1929 (104 performances). Cast: 'Victor Arden' (qv), 'Joyce Barbour' (qv) (as "Rita Conway"), 'Inez Courtney' (qv) (as "Mary Jane"), Frank Gagen, John Hundley, Glenn Hunter, Dick Keene, 'Cy Landry' (qv) (as "Ebens"), Phil Ohman, Lewis Parker, 'Charles Ruggles' (qv) (as "Peter Braley"), Gil Squires, Lillian Taiz, 'Maidel Turner' (qv) (as "Emily Braley"), Thelma White. Produced by Alex. A. Aarons and 'Vinton Freedley' (qv).

-   Heads Up (1929). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Jack McGowan (VI)' (qv) and 'Paul Girard Smith' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music arranged by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv). Pianist: 'Phil Ohman' (qv). Musical Director: 'Alfred Newman' (qv). Scenic Design by Donald Oenslager. Costume Design by Kiviette. Directed by 'George Hale (I)' (qv). Alvin Theatre: 11 Nov 1929- 15 Mar 1930 (144 performances). Cast: Atlas & La Mar, 'Ray Bolger' (qv) (as "Georgie"), Alice Boulden, Chester Bree, Louis Delgado, 'Robert Gleckler' (qv) (as "Captain Denny"), John Hamilton, John Hundley, Richard Macaleese, 'Victor Moore (I)' (qv) (as "Skippy Dugan"), Barbara Newberry, Lewis Parker, 'Betty Starbuck' (qv) (as "Betty Boyd"), Janet Velie, Jack Whiting. Produced by 'Alex Aarons' (qv) and 'Vinton Freedley' (qv).

-   Simple Simon (1930). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Material by 'Ed Wynn' (qv) and 'Guy Bolton (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Choreographed by 'Seymour Felix' (qv). Directed by 'E.B. 'Zeke' Colvan' (qv). Ziegfeld Theatre: 18 Feb 1930- 14 Jun 1930 (135 performances). Cast: Will Ahern, Pirko Ahlquist, Bobbe Arnst, Mabel Baade, Elsie Behrens, 'Hugh Cameron' (qv) (as "Otto Prince"), Ben Carswell, Marie Conwal, Mary Coyle, Frank DeWitt, Marion Dodge, Alan Edwards, Caja Eric, William J. Ferry, Hazel Forbes, Agnes Franey, Dolores Grant, Harriet Hoctor, Anthony Hughes, Mildred Ivory, Alfred P. James, Pete La Della, Doree Leslie, Neva Lynn, Elaine Mann,Virginia McNaughton, Frieda Mierse, Villi Milli, Lee Morse, Patsy O'Day, Master George Offerman, Dorothy Patterson, Lennox Pawle, Georgia Payne, Lois Peck, Gladys Pender, Clementine Rigeau, Blanche Satchell, Joseph Schrode, Douglas Stanbury, Paul Stanton, 'Helen Walsh (I)' (qv) (as "Jewel Pearce"), Gil White, 'Ed Wynn' (qv) (as "Simon"). Produced by 'Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.' (qv)

-   America's Sweetheart (1931). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv). Musical Director: Alfred Goodman. Choreographed by 'Bobby Connolly' (qv). Production Supervised by 'Bobby Connolly' (qv). Directed by 'Monty Woolley' (qv). Broadhurst Theatre: 10 Feb 1931- 6 Jun 1931 (135 performances). Cast: Jeanne Aubert, 'Virginia Bruce' (qv) (as "Miss Mulligan"), Alice Burrage (as "Telephone Operator"), Terry Carroll, Bud Clark, 'Inez Courtney' (qv) (as "Madge Farrell"), 'Dorothy Dare (I)' (qv) (as "Dorith"), Raoul De Tisne, Al Downing, Jay Ford, Charles Fowler, Herbert Hall, Harriette Lake, Francetta Malloy, Vera Marsh, Sue Moore, Fred Shawhan, John Sheehan (as "S.A. Dolan"), Gus Shy, O.J. Vanasse, Jack Whiting. Produced by Laurence Schwab and Frank Mandel.

-   Simple Simon (1931). Musical comedy (revival). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Ed Wynn' (qv) and 'Guy Bolton (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Directed by 'Seymour Hicks' (qv). Majestic Theatre: 9 Mar 1931- 21 Mar 1931 (16 performances). Cast: Albert Baron, Laine Blaire, Betty Blake, David Breen, Margaret Breen, Buff Bullard, 'Paul Butterworth (I)' (qv), Jerrie Cragin, Muriel DeLova, Peggy Driscoll, Muriel DeLova, Frank DeWitt, William J. Ferry, Lulu Gray, Barbara Hamilton, Muriel Harrison, Harriet Hoctor, Pete La Della, James McKay, Virginia McNaughton, Frieda Mierse, Villi Milli, Irma Montague, Master George Offerman, Patricia Palmer, Renee Rivir (as "Peter Pan"), Jerry Rogers, 'Joseph Schrode' (qv) (as "The Horse"), Billie Seward, Harry Shannon, 'Wini Shaw' (qv) (as "Sal"), Marie Shea, Mimi Sherman, Ruth Simmons, Adele Smith, Gil Squires, Jack Squires, Flora Taylor, William H. White, Frances Williams, Ed Wynn. Produced by Ed Wynn.

-   Jumbo (1935). Musical comedy/puppets. Music by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart. Book by 'Ben Hecht (I)' (qv) and 'Charles MacArthur' (qv). Lyrics by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv) and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Choreographed by 'Allan K. Foster' (qv) and Marjery Fielding. Directed by 'John Murray Anderson' (qv) and 'George Abbott (I)' (qv). Hippodrome Theatre: 16 Nov 1935- 18 Apr 1936 (233 performances). Cast: Dave Adams, Dave Ballard, Barbette, Jack Barnes, Big Rosie, Donald Black, Tom Breen, Helen Brooks, 'Willard Dashiell' (qv), Charles De Camo, Josie DeMotte, Dr. Ostermeier's "Doheos", Lipman Duckat, Lenze Duo, 'Jimmy Durante (I)' (qv) (as "Claudius B. Bowers"), Sybil Elaine, Lynn Eldredge, William J. Ferry, Roger Gerry, 'Gloria Grafton' (qv) (as "Mickey Considine"), Gene Greenlaw, Grace Elizabeth Hanneford, 'Poodles Hanneford' (qv) (as "Poodles"), Helen Harvey, Harry Jackson, Mary Jackson, Julius Johnson, Robert Johnson, A.P. Kaye (as "Mr. Jellico"), Tiny Kline, Karl Kosicsky, John Kuebler, Arthur La Fleur, Henry La Marr, Minnie LaPell, Bob Lawrence, Jack Leslie, Walter Lewis, Tom Lomas, Jim Mardy, W.J. McCarthy, Ray Miller, Victoria Miller, Donald Novis, William Parker, Jack Phillips, A. Robins, William Selig, Arthur Sherwood, Arthur Sinclair, Fred Spear, Takayama, The Kimris, The Nazfys, The Stonleys, Lomas Troupe, Olivette Tyana, Frances Van Ritter, George Watts, Solon West (as "Razorback"), Cliff Whitcombe, Philip Wood. Produced by 'Billy Rose (I)' (qv).

-   On Your Toes (1936). Musical comedy. Music by Richard Rodgers. Book by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv), 'George Abbott (I)' (qv) and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Lyrics by Lorenz Hart. Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Costume Design by 'Irene Sharaff' (qv). Directed by 'Worthington Miner' (qv). Imperial Theatre (moved to The Majestic Theatre from 9 Nov 1936 to close): 11 Apr 1936- 23 Jan 1937 (315 performances). Cast: 'Ray Bolger' (qv) (as "Phil Dolan III/Hoofer/"Slaughter on Tenth Avenue" Ballet), Doris Carson, 'Luella Gear' (qv) (as "Peggy Porterfield"), 'Tamara Geva' (qv) (as "Vera Barnova/Princess Zenobia/Princess Zenobia Ballet/Strip Tease Girl/"Slaughter on Tenth Avenue" Ballet), 'Monty Woolley' (qv) (as "Sergei Alexandrovitch"), William Baker, Libby Bennett, May Block, Edward Brinkman, William Broder, Jill Christie, George Church, Fred Danieli, 'Nick Dennis (I)' (qv) (as "Thug"), Dorothy Denton, Henry Dick, Enes Earley, Eleanor Fiata, Marjorie Fisher, Robert H. Forsythe, Gloria Franklin, Basil Galahoff, Dorothy Hall, Ethel Hampton, Harold Haskin, Harold Haskins, Dave Jones, Grace Kaye, Tyrone Kearney, Joan Keenan, Isabelle Kimpal, Betty Lee, Bob Long, Gertrude Magee, Russ Milton, Julian Mitchell, Marie Monnig, David Morris, Frances Nevins, Mae Noble, Harry Peterson, Jack Quinn, Carole Renwick, Patsy Schenck, Ursula Seiler, Robert Sidney, Betty Jane Smith, Guy Stanion, Drucilla Strain, Valery Streshnev, Dorothy Thomas, 'Beau Tilden' (qv) (as "Call Boy/Thug/Gentleman of the Ensemble"), Demetrios Vilan, William Wadsworth, Davenie Watson, Amy Weber, Alma Wertley, George Young. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv).

-   The Show is On (1936). Musical revue. Sketches by David Freedman; "Mr. Gielgud Passes By" by 'Moss Hart' (qv). Music mostly by 'Vernon Duke' (qv). Lyrics mostly by 'Ted Fetter' (qv). Additional music by 'Hoagy Carmichael' (qv), 'Arthur Schwartz (I)' (qv), 'George Gershwin' (qv), 'Harold Arlen' (qv), 'Herman Hupfeld' (qv), Will Irwin and 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Additional lyrics by Stanley Adams, 'Howard Dietz' (qv), 'Ira Gershwin' (qv), 'E.Y. Harburg' (qv), 'Herman Hupfeld' (qv), Norman Zeno and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by 'Gordon Jenkins (I)' (qv). Additional orchestrations by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv) and Hans Spialek. Production Design by 'Vincente Minnelli' (qv). Conceived by Vincente Minnelli. Sketches directed by 'Edward C. Lilley' (qv). Choreographed by Robert Alton. "Casanova" choreographed by 'Harry Losee' (qv). Directed by Vincente Minnelli. Winter Garden Theatre: 25 Dec 1936- 17 Jul 1937 (236 performances). Cast: Marion Allen, 'Vera Allen (I)' (qv) (as "Desdemona"), Gene Ashley, Gracie Barrie, Hazel Boffinger, Kenneth Bostock, Roy Campbell's Continentals, Mary Ann Carr, Marie Carroll, Andre Charise, Dorothy Daly, Doris Donaldson, Helen Ecklund, Hugh Ellsworth, Peggy Gallimore, 'Reginald Gardiner' (qv) (as "Shakespeare"), Paul Haakon, Pearl Harris, Irene Kelly, Jerrie Koban, 'Bert Lahr' (qv) (as "Ronald Taylor"), Jane Lane, 'Beatrice Lillie' (qv) (as "Go Go Benuti"), Mitzi Mayfair, June McNulty, Gertrude Medwin, Jean Moorehead, Marion Murray, Gifford Nash, Fred Nay, Mortimer O'Brien, Paul Owen, Mary Phillips, Mischa Pompianov, Ralph Riggs, Harry Rogue, Polly Rose, Richard Satterfield, Robert Shafer, Sherry Stuart, Evelyn Thawl, Willem Van Loon, Charles Waters, Mildred Webb, Duke Williams. Produced by Lee Shubert and J.J. Shubert.

-   Babes in Arms (1937). Musical comedy. Material by Richard Rodgers and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by Lorenz Hart. Music orchestrated by 'Hans Spialek' (qv). Musical Director: Gene Salzer. Choreographed by 'George Balanchine' (qv). Directed by 'Robert B. Sinclair' (qv). Shubert Theatre (moved to The Majestic Theatre from 25 Oct 1937 to close): 14 Apr 1937- 18 Dec 1937 (289 performances). Cast: Roy Adler, Buddy Allen, Micky Alvarez, Jay Bee, Libby Bennett, Verna Ceders, Stella Clauson, Tania Clell, Alex Courtney, Mitzie Dahl, 'Dan Dailey' (qv) (as "The Gang"), Clifton Darling, Aljan de Loville, Jere Delaney, Alfred Drake, Bronson Dudley, Eleanor Fiata, Bob Fishelson, Gloria Franklin, Ted Gary, James Gillis, Mitzi Green, Dana Hardwick, Claire Harvey, Ray Heatherton, Mickey Herson, Georgia Hiden, 'Ethel Intropodi' (qv) (as "Mazie LaMar"), LeRoy James, Marjorie Jane, Alvin Kerr, Bobby Lane, Betty Lee, Connie Leslie, Don Liberto, George E. MacKay, 'Grace McDonald' (qv) (as "Dolores Reynolds"), Ray McDonald, Duke McHale, Wynn Murray (as "Baby Rose, The Singer"), 'Fayard Nicholas' (qv) (as "Irving DeQuincy"), 'Harold Nicholas' (qv) (as "Ivor DeQuincy"), (credited as the Nicholas Brothers), Jean Owens, Audrey Palmer, Douglas Perry, Gedda Petry, Rolly Pickert, Aileen Poe, Robert Rounseville, Ursula Seiler, Jack Stanton, Eleanor Tennis, Davenie Watson, George Watts, Kenneth Wilkins. Production supervised and Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv). Note: Produced on film by MGM as _Babes in Arms (1939)_ (qv).

-   The Show is On (1937). Musical revue (return engagement). Sketches by David Freedman. "Mr. Gielgud Passes By" by 'Moss Hart' (qv). Music mostly by 'Vernon Duke' (qv). Lyrics mostly by Ted Fetter; Additional music by 'Hoagy Carmichael' (qv), 'Arthur Schwartz (I)' (qv), George Gershwin, 'Harold Arlen' (qv), 'Herman Hupfeld' (qv), Will Irwin and 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Additional lyrics by Stanley Adams, 'Howard Dietz' (qv), 'Ira Gershwin' (qv), 'E.Y. Harburg' (qv), 'Herman Hupfeld' (qv), Norman Zeno and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Music orchestrated by Gordon Jenkins. Additional orchestrations by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv) and Hans Spialek. Production Design by Vincente Minnelli. Conducted by Gordon Jenkins. Conceived by Vincente Minnelli. Sketches directed by 'Edward C. Lilley' (qv). Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). "Casanova" choreographed by 'Harry Losee' (qv). Directed by 'Vincente Minnelli' (qv). Winter Garden Theatre: 16 Sep 1937- 2 Oct 1937 (17 performances). Cast: Marion Allen, Gene Ashley, Mildred Baker, Muriel Baker, Jack Barrett, Hazel Boffinger, Kenneth Bostock, Charles Bowers, Letitia Bring, Edward Browne, Mary Ann Carr, Andre Charise, Roy Cropper (as "Now" Performer/By Strauss" Performer), John Edwards, Hugh Ellsworth, John Englert, Jack Good, Jack C. Grey, Pearl Harris, Robert Herring, Eugene Howard, Willie Howard, Vivian Howe, Barbara Hunter, Rose King, Jerrie Koban, Terry Lawlor (as "The Show is On" Performer/"Now" Performer/"Casanova" Performer/"Long As You've Got Your Health" Performer/Eliza/Cakewalk/"By Strauss" Performer), Lyda Sue Leeds (as "What Has He Got?" Performer/"Long as You've Got Your Health" Dancer/"By Strauss" Dancer/"Little Old Lady" Performer"), Arnold Lenhart, Dave Mallen, Jack McCauley, John McCauley, Gertrude Medwin, Evelyn Mills, Jean Moorehead, Della Muir, Marion Murray, Gifford Nash, Paul Owen, Mischa Pompianov, Harry Rogue, Polly Rose, Richard Satterfield, Ruth Scheim, Clare Scott, Laurie Shevlin, Marcella Swanson, Peggy Thomas, Demetrios Vilan, 'Mildred Webb' (qv) (as "Ophelia/Prologue/"Now" Dancer/The Modern Girl/Casanova"), Duke Williams, Chic York. Produced by Lee Shubert and J.J. Shubert.

-   I'd Rather Be Right (1937). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Material by George S. Kaufman and 'Moss Hart' (qv). Material staged by 'George S. Kaufman' (qv). Modern dances staged by Ned McGurn. Choreographed by 'Charles Weidman (I)' (qv). Alvin Theatre: (moved to The Music Box Theatre from 23 May 1938 to close): 2 Nov 1937- 9 Jul 1938 (290 performances). Cast: Joseph Allen, David Allman, 'Florenz Ames' (qv), Al Atkins, Jack Barnes, Virginia Berger, Sol Black, Robert Bleck, Jeanette Bradley, Charles Bywater, Cecil Carey, Donald C. Carter, John Cherry, Ruth Clayton, 'George M. Cohan' (qv) (as "The President of the United States"), Marie Louise Dana, Eleanor De Witt, Martin Fair, Bijou Fernandez, Len Frank, Kate Frederic, John Fulco, Ralph Glover, Ruth Gormley, Joe Granville, Marion Green, Geraldine Hamilton, Edward Harrington, 'Joy Hodges' (qv) (as "Peggy Jones"), Taylor Holmes, Robert Howard, Jay Hunter, Jack Kearney, Linda Kellogg, Georgette Lampsi, Jeanette Lee, Jack Leslie, Robert Less, Velma Lord, Joseph Macaulay, Lili Mann, William Marel, Austin Marshall, Irene McBride, Charles McLoughlin, John McQuade, Evelyn Mills, Jack Mills, Warren Mills, Marie Nash, Fred Nay, Austra Neiman, Paul Parks, Erminie Randolph, Jack Reynolds, Jane Richardson, Tina Rigat, Margaret Sande, Patsy Schenk, Betty Schlaffer, Clarise Sitomer, Bob Spencer, Emily Stephenson, Georgie Tapps, 'Beau Tilden' (qv), Norman Van Emburgh, Joe Verdi, Dorothy Waller, Mary Jane Walsh, Jack Whitney, Herbert Wood. Produced by 'Sam Harris (IV)' (qv). Note: The facts of this production were somewhat inaccurately depicted in _Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942)_ (qv).

-   I Married an Angel (1938). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Based on material by Richard Rodgers and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Based on a Hungarian play by 'Johann von Vásáry' (qv). Lyrics by Lorenz Hart. Musical Direction by Gene Salzer. Choreographed by 'George Balanchine' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Shubert Theatre: 11 May 1938- 25 Feb 1939 (338 performances). Cast: 'Dennis King (I)' (qv), 'Vivienne Segal' (qv), 'Walter Slezak' (qv) (as "Harry Mischka Szigetti"), 'Vera Zorina' (qv), 'Audrey Christie' (qv), 'Charles Walters (I)' (qv), Milton Barnett, May Block, Edward Brinkmann, Boris Butleroff, Genevieve Cooke, Ronnie Cunningham, Hene Damur, Marion Davison, Janis Dremann, The Dunham Brothers, Althea Elder, Eleanor Fiata, Diana Gaylen, Petra Gray, Ruth Haidt, Harold Haskin, Marcella Howard, Bobby Howell, David Jones, Arthur Kent, Isabelle Kimpal, Nancy Knott, Evelyn Lafferty, Sonia Larina, Charles Laskey, Beatrice Lynn, Michael Mann, John Marshall, Marie Monnig, Gedda Petry, Nicolai Popov, Marie Louise Quevli, Jack Quinn, Shirley F. Shaffer, Betty Jane Smith, 'Morton Stevens (I)' (qv), Katherine Stewart, Sylvia Stone, Harold Taub, Barbara Towne, Ruth Urban, Nikolas Vasilieff, Alma Wertley, Virginia Williams. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv).

-   Too Many Girls (1939). Musical comedy. Material by 'George Marion Jr.' (qv) Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Musical Staging by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Costume Design by 'Raoul Pène Du Bois'. Directed by 'George Abbott (I)' (qv). Imperial Theatre (moved to The Broadway Theatre from unknown date 1940- 18 Mar 1940): 18 Oct 1939- 18 May 1940 (249 performances). Cast: 'Desi Arnaz' (qv), Robert Arnold, Margorie Baglin, Sondra Barrett, Libby Bennett, John Beton, Betty Boyce, 'Eddie Bracken' (qv), Florine Callahan, Renee Cettel, Diosa Costello, Alice Craig, Betty De Elmo, Louise de Forrest, Romolo Di Spirito, Willis Duncan, Marge Ellis, 'Leila Ernst' (qv) (as "Talullah Lou"), Vera Fern, 'Clyde Fillmore' (qv) (as "Harvey Casey"), Vernon Hammer, Charlene Harkins, Bob Howard, Randolph Hughes, Harry Jackson, Clarence Jaeger, 'Van Johnson (I)' (qv), 'Richard Kollmar' (qv) (as "Clint Kelley"), Jeanette Lavis, Mildred Law, Lita Lede, 'Hal Le Roy' (qv) (as "Al Terwillinger"), La Verne Lupton, Herb Lurie, James MacColl, William Mende, Russ Milton, Amarilla Morris, Mildred Patterson, Harry Pedersen, Dorothy Poplar, Edison Rice, Jack Riley, Hans Robert, 'Ivy Scott' (qv), Bob Shaw, Byron Shores, Diane Sinclair, Leonor Sola, Mildred Solly, 'Olga Suarez' (qv) (as "Co-Ed"), Key Taylor, Anna Mae Tesslo, Mary Jane Walsh, Davenie Watson, Marcy Wescott, James Wilkinson, Claire Wolf, Harold Young. Produced by George Abbott.

-   Higher and Higher (1940). Comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Material by 'Gladys Hurlbut' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Based on an idea by 'Irving Pincus' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Directed by Joshua Logan. Shubert Theatre: 4 Apr 1940- 15 Jun 1940 (84 performances). Cast: 'Ted Adair' (qv), 'June Allyson' (qv), Irene Austin, Jane Ball, Robert Chisholm, 'Eva Condon' (qv), Ronnie Cunningham, Sigrid Dagnie, Lee Dixon, Kay Duncan, Eleanor Eberle, Marta Eggert, 'Vera-Ellen' (qv), 'Leif Erickson' (qv), Cliff Ferre, Janet Fox, Miriam Franklin, William Geery, Joseph Granville, George Griffith, 'Jack Haley (I)' (qv) (as "Zachary Ash"), Bunnie Hightower, Louis Hightower, Gloria Hope, Marguerite James, Michael Moore, Richard Moore, Marie Nash, Frederic Nay, Fin Olsen, Kay Picture, Burton Pierce, Marie Louise Quevli, Jane Richardson, 'Harry Rogue' (qv), Shirley Ross, Joseph Scandur, Jack Seymour, Robert Shanley, Hollace Shaw, Billy Skipper Jr., 'Hilda Spong' (qv) (as "Miss Whiffen"), Lyda Sue, Carl Trees, Jack Whitney, Billie Worth. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv).

-   Higher and Higher (1940). Comedy (return engagement). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Material by 'Gladys Hurlbut' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Based on an idea by 'Irving Pincus' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Shubert Theatre: 5 Aug 1940- 24 Aug 1940 (24 performances). Cast: Ted Adair, Jane Ball, Robert Chisholm, 'Eva Condon' (qv), Sigrid Dagnie, Lee Dixon, Kay Duncan, Marta Eggert, 'Leif Erickson' (qv), Janet Fox, Joseph Granville, Miriam Franklin, William Geery, Joseph Granville, George Griffith, 'Jack Haley (I)' (qv) (as "Zachary Ash"), Gloria Hope, Richard Moore, Richard Moore, Marie Nash, Frederic Nay, Fin Olsen, Marie Louise Quevli, Jane Richardson, Shirley Ross, Robert Rouseville, Joseph Scandur, Robert Shanley, Sharkey, Hollace Shaw, 'Hilda Spong' (qv) (as "Miss Whiffen"), Lyda Sue, Carl Trees, Jack Whitney, Billie Worth. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv).

-   Higher and Higher (1940). Comedy (return engagement). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Material by 'Gladys Hurlbut' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Based on an idea by 'Irving Pincus' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Shubert Theatre: 5 Aug 1940- 24 Aug 1940 (24 performances). Cast: Ted Adair, Jane Ball, Robert Chisholm, 'Eva Condon' (qv), Sigrid Dagnie, Lee Dixon, Kay Duncan, Marta Eggert, 'Leif Erickson' (qv), Janet Fox, Joseph Granville, Miriam Franklin, William Geery, Joseph Granville, George Griffith, 'Jack Haley (I)' (qv) (as "Zachary Ash"), Gloria Hope, Richard Moore,Richard Moore, Marie Nash, Frederic Nay, Fin Olsen, Marie Louise Quevli, Jane Richardson, Shirley Ross, Robert Rouseville, Joseph Scandur, Robert Shanley, Sharkey, Hollace Shaw, 'Hilda Spong' (qv) (as "Miss Whiffen"), Lyda Sue, Carl Trees, Jack Whitney, Billie Worth. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv).

-   Pal Joey (1940). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Material by John O'Hara. Music orchestrated by Hans Spialek. Costume Design by John Koenig. Scenic Design and Lighting Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Directed by 'George Abbott (I)' (qv). Ethel Barrymore Theatre (moved to The Shubert Theatre from 1 Sep 1941 to 21 Oct 1941 then moved to The St. James Theatre from 21 Oct 1941 to close): 25 Dec 1940- 29 Nov 1941 (374 performances). Cast: 'Gene Kelly (I)' (qv) (as "Joey Evans") [final Broadway role; replaced by George Tapps on 1 Sep 1941 and moved to Hollywood], Vivienne Segal, Claire Anderson, Adrian Anthony, Sondra Barrett, John Benton, Jean Casto, Milton Chisholm, John Clarke, Alice Craig, Louise de Forrest, 'Stanley Donen' (qv) (as "Albert Doane/Dancer"), Clifford Dunstan, Jack Durant, Wnez Early, Leila Ernst, Jane Fraser, Tilda Getz, Charlene Harkins, Averell Harris, 'June Havoc' (qv) (as "Gladys Bumps"), Henning Irgens, 'Van Johnson (I)' (qv) (as "Victor/Dancer"), Frances Krell, James Lane, Janet Lavis, Howard Ledig, June Leroy, Michael Moore, Amarilla Morris, Robert J. Mulligan, Olive Nicolson, Shirley Paige, Mildred Patterson, Dorothy Poplar, Nelson Rae, Edison Rice, Albert Ruiz, Diane Sinclair, Mildred Solly, Dummy Spelvin, Jeanne Trybom, Marie Vanneman, Jerry Whyte, Vincent York. Produced by George Abbott.

-   By Jupiter (1942). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Book by Lorenz Hart and Richard Rodgers. Based on "The Warrior's Husband" by Julian F. Thompson. Musical Director: Johnny Green. Vocal arrangements by 'Johnny Green (I)' (qv) and 'Clay Warnick' (qv). Music arranged by Don Walker. Scenic Design by Jo Mielziner. Costume Design by 'Irene Sharaff' (qv). Lighting Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Choreographed by 'Robert Alton' (qv). Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Shubert Theatre: 3 Jun 1942- 12 Jun 1943 (427 performances). Cast: Margaret Bannerman, Bertha Belmore, Helen Bennett, 'Ray Bolger' (qv) (as "Sapiens"), Ruth Brady, Martha Burnett, Irene Corlett, Betty Jo Creager, Mark Dawson, Bob Douglas, Ralph Dumke, Berni Gould, June Graham, Ronald Graham, Barbara Heath, Lewis Hightower, Robert Hightower, Flower Hujer, Rose Inghram, Kay Kimber, Ray Koby, Janet Lavis, Don Liberto, Michael Mann, Jane Manners, Tony Matthews, Virginia Meyer, Constance Moore, Margery Moore, Monica Moore, Mary Morris, Beth Nichols, Dorothy Poplar,Bobby Priest, Joyce Ring, Rosemary Sankey, George Schwalbe, William Silvers, Toni Stuart, 'Olga Suarez' (qv) (as "Ensemble"), 'Maidel Turner' (qv) (as "Caustica"), William Vaux, Benay Venuta, 'Vera-Ellen' (qv) (as "Minerva, First Camp Follower"), Wana Wenerholm, Ken Whelan, Robert Wilson. Produced by 'Dwight Wiman' (qv) and Richard Rodgers. Produced in association with 'Richard Kollmar' (qv).

-   Oklahoma! (1943). Musical. Book by 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Based on the play "Green Grow The Lilacs" by 'Lynn Riggs' (qv). Musical Director: 'Jay Blackton' (qv) [credited as Jacob Schwartzdorf]. Music orchestrated by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv). Theatre Guild Administrative Assistant: 'Armina Marshall Langner' (qv). Choreography by 'Agnes De Mille'. Scenic Design by 'Lemuel Ayers' (qv). Costume Design by 'Miles White (I)' (qv). Directed by 'Rouben Mamoulian' (qv). St. James Theatre: 31 Mar 1943-29 May 1948 (2212 performances). Cast: 'Alfred Drake' (qv) (as "Curly"), Joan Roberts, 'Joseph Buloff' (qv), 'Howard Da Silva' (qv) (as "Jud Fry"), Lee Dixon, 'Betty Garde' (qv), 'Celeste Holm' (qv) (as "Ado Annie Carnes"), Diana Adams, Remo Arlotta, Elsie Arnold, Bobby Barrentine, John Baum, Harvey Brown, Kenneth Buffett, George Church, Edwin Clay, Joseph Cunneff, Margit De Kova, Jack Dunphy, Nona Feid, Gary Fleming, Kate Friedlich, Hayes Gordon, June Graham, Ray Harrison, Maria Harriton, Jack Harwood, Rhoda Hoffman, Edmund Howland, George Irving, 'Barry Kelley (I)' (qv), Eric Kristen, Jane Lawrence, Bambi Linn, Suzanne Lloyd, Ellen Love, Owen Martin (as "Cord Elam"), Joan McCracken, Dorothea McFarland, Pat Meany, May Muth, Carl Nelson, Virginia Oswald, Robert Penn, Marc Platt, 'Ralph Riggs' (qv) (as "Andrew Carnes"), Herbert Rissman, Rosemary Schaefer, Katharine Sergava, Paul Shiers, Vivienne Simon, Faye Smith, Gary Smith Jr., Vivian Smith, Arthur Ulisse, Billie Zay. Note: There were numerous replacement actors during the show's remarkable production run; these included: 'Florenz Ames' (qv) (as "Andrew Carnes") [from 31 Mar 1943], 'Howard Keel' (qv) (as "Curly") [from 31 Mar 1943], 'Paul Crabtree' (qv) (as "Will Parker") [from 31 Mar 1943], 'Dania Krupska' (qv) (as "Dream Laurey/Ellen") [Broadway debut], 'Shelley Winters' (qv) (as "Ado Annie Carnes") [from 31 Mar 1943]. Produced by The Theatre Guild ('Theresa Helburn' (qv), 'Lawrence Langner' (qv): Administrative Directors). Historically remarkable as the longest running Broadway production to that time. Filmed as _Oklahoma! (1955)_ (qv).

-   A Connecticut Yankee (1943). Musical comedy (revival). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Based on the novel by 'Mark Twain' (qv). Music orchestrated by Don Walker. Musical Director: George Hirst. Vocal arrangements by Buck Warnick. Choreographed by William Holbrook and Al White Jr. Scenic Design by Nat Karson. Directed by John C. Wilson. Martin Beck Theatre: 17 Nov 1943- 11 Mar 1944 (135 performances). Cast: Katherine Anderson, Mimi Berry, Dorothy Blute, Tad Bruce, Carole Burke, Buster Burnell, Robert Byrn, Stuart Casey, John Cherry, Robert Chisholm, Pittman Corry, Marjorie Cowen, Frank De Winters, Eleanor Eberle, Bee Farnum, 'Dick Foran' (qv) (as "Lt. Martin Barrett, U.S.N."), Lester Freedman, Bob Gari, Virginia Gorski, Toni Hart, Vincent Henry, Craig Holden, William Hunter, Janet Joy, Hal Loman, William Lundy, Jack Lyons, Rose Marie Magrill, Frances Martone, Linda Mason, Mary McDonnell, Wayne McIntyre, Jere McMahon, Beth Nichols, Murnai Pins, Dorothy Poplar, Joyce Ring, Rosemary Sankey, 'Vivienne Segal' (qv) (as "Lt. Fay Merrill, W.A.V.E./Queen Morgan Le Fay in the play"), Chester Stratton, Helen Vent, 'Vera-Ellen' (qv) (as "Mistress Evelyn Al Belle-Ans in the play"), Julie Warren, Martha Emma Watson, Violetta Weems, Doris York. Produced by Richard Rodgers. Note: Lorenz Hart died in New York City 5 days into production run.

-   Annie Get Your Gun (1946). Musical comedy. Note: Sold to MGM at a then-record $650,000. Produced by MGM as _Annie Get Your Gun (1950)_ (qv) starring 'Betty Hutton (I)' (qv) (intended as a 'Judy Garland' (qv) vehicle with 'Frank Morgan (I)' (qv) as 'William F. Cody' (qv). Garland took ill and was replaced after taking ill and Morgan died and was replaced by veteran 'Louis Calhern' (qv)).

-   Carousel (1945). Musical/drama.

-   Annie Get Your Gun (1946). Musical comedy. Music and lyrics by 'Irving Berlin (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv) and 'Dorothy Fields' (qv). Musical Director: 'Jay Blackton' (qv). Music orchestrated by Philip J. Lang, Russell Bennett and Ted Royal. Vocal arrangements by Joe Moon. Piano Arangements by 'Helmy Kresa' (qv). Lighting and Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Imperial Theatre: 16 May 1946- 12 Feb 1949 (1147 performances). Cast: 'Ethel Merman' (qv), 'Ray Middleton (I)' (qv), Franca Baldwin, Truly Barbara, Art Barnett, Jack Beaber, 'Harry Bellaver' (qv), Leon Bibb, Janice Bodenhoff, 'Kenny Bowers (I)' (qv), Bernice Brady, Marlene Cameron, Pete Civello (as "Timothy Gardner/Ensemble"), Victor Clarke (as "Clyde Smith"), Marjorie Crossland (as "Sylvia Potter-Porter"), 'Camilla DeWitt' (qv) (as "Jessie, Annie's Sister"), Robert Dixon (as "Freddie"), Cliff Dunstan (as "Mac, Property Man"), John Garth III (as "Trainman/Major Domo"), Mary Ellen Glass (as "Little Girl"), Marvin Goodis, Mary Grey (as "Cowgirl/Girl in White"), Bernard Griffin (as "Cowboy/Dr. Percy Ferguson"), Ellen Hanley (as "Mary"), Vincent Henry, Bobby Hookey (as "Little Jake, Annie's Brother"), Ray Hyson, Walter John (as "Yellow Foot/Pawnee's Messenger"), Don Liberto (as "Harry/Mr. Schuyler Adams"), Christina Lind (as "Girl in Pink"), Ostrid Lind (as "Louise/Ensemble"), George Lipton (as "Major Gordon Lillie/Pawnee Bill"), Roslynd Lowe, Elizabeth Malone (as "Mrs. Black Tooth"), Marty May (as "Charlie Davenport"), Dusty McCaffrey (as "Ensemble"), Roy Milton (as "Ensemble"), Ruth Mitchell, Daniel Nagrin, Duncan Noble, Betty Anne Nyman (as "Winnie Tate"), William O'Neal, 'Lea Penman' (qv), Edward Pfeiffer, Jack Pierce, Nancy Jean Raab, Nellie Ranson, Dorothy Richards (as "Nancy/Mrs. Schyler Adams"), Fred Rivett (as "Mr. Lockwood/Ensemble"), Harriet Roeder, 'Alma Ross' (qv), Lubov Roudenko (as "Riding Mistress"), Clifford Sales (as "Little Boy"), Bernice Saunders (as "Ensemble"), Earl Sauvain (as "Andy Turner"), Rob Taylor (as "Cowboy/John/Mr. Clay"), 'Beau Tilden' (qv) (as "Coolie"), Clyde Turner (as "Porter/1st Waiter"), Katrina Van Oss (as "Girl With Bouquet"), Marietta Vore (as "Mrs. Percy Ferguson/Ensemble"), Ruth Vrana (as "Debutante"), William Weslow (as "Ensemble"), Ken Whelan (as "Ensemble"), Mary Woodley, Helen Wysatt. Replacement actors: Barbara Barlow (as "Mary/Ensemble"), Art Barnett (as "Charlie Davenport"), Jack Beaber, 'Warren Berlinger' (qv) (as "Little Boy"), Wes Bowman, Marlene Cameron, Tessie Carrano, Pete Civello, Lloyd Cole, Joseph Cunneff, Camilla DeWitt, Sandra Deel, Madeleine Detry, Pat Dexter, Charles Dickson, Robert Dixon, Andrea Downing, Jane Earle, Rose Marie Wlliott, 'Bert Freed' (qv) (as "Chief Sitting Bull"), Gerald Fries, Cyprienne Gableman, Barbara Gaye, Evelyn Giles, Mary Ellen Glass, Gloria Gordon, Harold Gordon, Noel Gordon, Gilbert Green, Bernard Griffin, Clarence Hall, Henry Hamilton, Betty Lou Holland, Eddie Howland, Ray Hyson, Jack Konzal, Martin Kraft, Don Liberto, Christina Lind, Paula Lloyd, Roslyn Lowe, Michael Maule, Phil McEneny, Ruth Mitchell, Kam Moran, Fernand Nault, James Newill, Doreen Oswald, Ralph Patterson, Jack Pierce, Fred Rivett, Beverly Sales, Bernice Saunders, William Skipper, Clifford Tatum Jr., Susan Taylor, Arthur Ulisse, Katrina Van Oss, Milton Watson, Jean Weeks, Elaine Baker Welch, William Weslow, Gordon West, Parker Wilson, Stanley Zompakos. Produced by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv) and 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Note: Filmed as _Annie Get Your Gun (1950)_ (qv). Sold to MGM at a then-record $650,000. It was intended as a 'Judy Garland' (qv) vehicle with 'Frank Morgan (I)' (qv) to co-star as 'William F. Cody' (qv). Garland took ill and was replaced after taking ill and Morgan died and was replaced by veteran 'Louis Calhern' (qv).

-   Happy Birthday (1946). Comedy.

-   John Loves Mary (1947). Comedy/farce.

-   Allegro (1947). Musical.

-   Maurice Chevalier in an evening of Songs and Impressions (1948). Special concert.

-   Show Boat (1948). Musical drama (revival).

-   Carousel (1949). Musical drama (revival).

-   South Pacific (1949). Musical drama. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Book by 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Based on "Tales of the South Pacific" by 'James Michener' (qv). Musical Director: Salvatore Dell'Isola. Music orchestrated by 'Robert Russell Bennett' (qv). Musical Staging by Joshua Logan. Scenic Design by Jo Mielziner. Lighting Design by Jo Mielziner. Directed by Joshua Logan. Majestic Theatre: (moved to The Broadway Theatre from 29 Jun 1953 to close) 7 Apr 1949- 16 Jan 1954 (1925 performances). Cast: 'Mary Martin (I)' (qv) (as "Ensign Nellie Forbush"), 'Ezio Pinza' (qv) (as "Emile de Becque"), 'Juanita Hall' (qv), 'Myron McCormick' (qv) (as "Luther Billis"), Betta St. John, 'Harvey Stephens (I)' (qv) (as "Cmdr. William Harbison, U.S.N."), William Tabbert, 'Martin Wolfson' (qv) (as "Captain George Brackett, U.S.N."), Mardi Bayne, Evelyn Colby, Michael De Leon, Noel De Leon, Sandra Deel, Bill Dwyer, Dickinson Eastham, Don Fellows, William Ferguson, Jacqueline Fisher, Jack Fontan, Alan Gilbert, Thomas Gleason, Jim Hawthorne, 'Richard Loo' (qv) (as "Marcel, Henry's Assistant" and "Ensemble"), Roslynd Lowe, Barbara Luna, 'Biff McGuire' (qv), Gloria Meli, Henry Michel, Alex Nicol, Pat Northrop, Mary Ann Reeve, Fred Sadoff, Bernice Saunders, 'Archie Savage' (qv) (as "Abner"), Helena Schurgot, Richard Silvera, Henry Slate, Eugene Smith, 'Beau Tilden' (qv) (as "Seaman James Hayes"), Musa Williams, Chin Yu. Produced by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv) and 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Produced in association with 'Leland Hayward' (qv) and 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Replacement actors during the the production's long run included: 'Shirley Jones (I)' (qv), 'Dort Clark (I)' (qv), 'Jack Weston' (qv).

-   The Happy Time (1950). Comedy. Written by Samuel Taylor. Based on the novel by Robert Fontaine. Directed by Robert Lewis.

-   Burning Bright (1950).

-   The King and I (1951). Musical comedy/drama.

-   Oklahoma! (1951). Musical comedy (revival).

-   Pal Joey (1952). Musical comedy (revival).

-   Me and Juliet (1953). Musical comedy. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Book by Oscar Hammerstein II. Vocal arrangements by 'Don Walker (I)' (qv). Music orchestrated by Don Walker. Musical Director: Salvatore Dell'Isola. Ballet arrangements: Roger Adams. Assistant to Mr. Dell'Isola: Robert Stanley. Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Costume Design by 'Irene Sharaff' (qv). Lighting Design by Jo Mielziner; Assistant Designer to Mr. Mielziner: John Harvey. Directed by 'George Abbott (I)' (qv). Majestic Theatre: 28 May 1953- 3 Apr 1954 (358 performances). Cast: Lance Avant, Isabel Bigley, Francine Bond, Betty Buday, Barbara Carroll, Adele Castle, Mark Dawson, Grant Delaney, Jack Drummond, John Ford, Bob Fortier, John George, Penny Ann Green, Randy Hall, Henry Hamilton, Gwen Harmon, Lorraine Havercroft, Bill Hayes, Richard Hermany, George S. Irving, Patty Ann Jackson, Jackie Kelk, Helene Keller, Warren Kemmerling, Michael King, Jack Konzal, Lucia Lambert, Larry Laurence, Joe Lautner, Harriet Leigh, Sonya Lindgren, Ralph Linn, Elizabeth Logue, Susan Lovell, 'Shirley MacLaine' (qv) (as "Dancing Ensemble"), Therese Mari, Arthur Maxwell, Joan McCracken, Svetlana McLee, Buzz Miller, Cheryl Parker, Eddie Pfeiffer, Edwin Philips, Jack Rains, Georgia Reed, Deborah Remsen, Augustin Rodriguez, Joe Schulman, Helena Scott, Thelma Scott, Dorothy Silverherz, Barbara Lee Smith, Bob St. Clair, Thelma Tadlock, Norma Thornton, Janyce Ann Wagner, 'Ray Walston' (qv) (as "Mac, Stage Manager"), Herbert Wasserman, William Weber, Rosemary Williams. Produced by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II.

-   Oklahoma! (1953). Musical comedy (revival). Based on the play "Green Grow the Lilacs" by 'Lynn Riggs' (qv). Book by 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I). Choreographed by 'Agnes De Mille'. Dances Reproduced by Betty Gour. Scenic Design by Lemuel Ayers. Costume Design by Miles White. Directed by 'Rouben Mamoulian' (qv). City Center Theatre: 31 Aug 1953- 3 Oct 1953 (40 performances). Cast: William Ambler, Lenore Arnold, Lois Barrodin, Ridge Bond (as "Curly"), Lynne Broadbent (as "Armina/Dancing Ensemble"), Bette Burton, Alfred Cibelli Jr. (as "Jud Fry"), Cathy Conklin, Payne Converse, Barbara Cook (as "Ado Annie Carnes"), Nick Dana, Dino Dante, James Fox, Christopher Golden, Marylin Hardy, Charles Hart, Harris Hawkins, 'Florence Henderson (I)' (qv), Frances Irby, Jack Ketcham, Betty Koerber, Ronnie Landry, George A. Lawrence (as "Chalmers"), David Le Grant, Bob Lord, Mary Marlo, Owen Martin (as "Andrew Carnes"), Maggie Nelson, Heidi Palmer, Gayle Parmelee, Patti Parsons, John Pero, Tom Pickler, Cynthia Price, Judy Rawlings, Barbara Reisman, Joe Ribeau, Charles Rule, Charles Scott, Georganne Shaw, Jeanne Shea, Louellen Sibley, Marguerite Stewart. Produced by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein.

-   Carousel (1954). Musical drama (revival). Based on Ferenc Molnar's "Liliom" by 'Ferenc Molnár (I)' (qv). Book adapted by 'Benjamin Glazer' (qv). Book by 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv). Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Musical Director: Julius Rudel. Choreographed by 'Agnes De Mille'. Restaged by: Robert Pagent. Directed by William Hammerstein. City Center Theatre: 2 Jun 1954- 8 Aug 1954 (79 performances). Cast: Boris Aplon, Benjamin Bajorek, Ann Barry, Don Blackey, Marilyn Bladd, Lila Caputo, Stanley Carlson, John Conte, Barbara Cook, Claudia Crawford, Ann Dunbar, Dawin Emanuel, Barbara Ford, Ellen Gleason, Russell Goodwin, Jean Handzlik, Winifred Heidt, Ruby Herndon, Rudy Jenkins, Charles Kuestner, Bambi Linn, Don Little, Donald Martin, James Martindale, Sheila Mathews, Anne Meislik, Roland Miles, Meri Miller, Eloise Milton, Dorothy Mirr, Adele Newton, Robert Pagent, Benjamin Plotkin, Mavis Ray, Daniel Reed, Nadine Revene, William W. Reynolds, Chris Robinson, Dick Rogers, Gloria Sacks, Philip Salem, Francine Savery, Christopher Snell, Jo Sullivan, Joseph Tanner, Greta Thormsen, Gini Turner, Jay Velie, Mark Ward, Mark West, Dusty Worrall. Produced by New York City Center Light Opera Company (William Hammerstein: General Director).

-   On Your Toes (1954). Musical comedy (revival). Music by Richard Rodgers. Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Book by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv), Lorenz Hart and 'George Abbott (I)' (qv). Musical Director: Salvatore Dell'Isola. Music orchestrated by Don Walker. Scenic Design by Oliver Smith. Costume Design by 'Irene Sharaff' (qv). Choreographed by 'George Balanchine' (qv). Directed by George Abbott. 46th Street Theatre: 11 Oct 1946- 4 Dec 1954 (64 performances). Cast: 'Bobby Van (I)' (qv) (as "Junior, 15 years later"), 'Vera Zorina' (qv) (as "Vera Barnova"), 'Elaine Stritch' (qv) (as "Peggy Porterfield"), Ted Adkins, Marvin Arnold, Ben Astar, Johnny Bowen, Phyllis Campbell, George Church, 'Kay Coulter' (qv) (as "Frankie Frayne") [final Broadway role], Lillian D'Honau, Patricia Drylie, Timmy Everett, Nathaniel Frey, Katia Geneznova, Carolyn George, Arthur Grahl, Marilyn Hale, Edward Kerrigan, Dorene Kilmer, Helen Kramer, Jack Leigh, Robert Lindgren, Sonya Lindgren, Paula Lloyd, Barbara Michaels, John Nola, Nicholas Orloff, Edward Pfeiffer, Lois Platt, Nina Popova, John Robb, Joshua Shelley, Sigyn, Ruth Sobotka, Mary Stanton, Carol Stevens, Patrick Welch, Patricia Wilkes, Eleanor Williams, Jack Williams, Wendy Winn, David Winters, Bertram Wood. Produced by George Abbott.

-   South Pacific (1955). Musical comedy/drama (revival).

-   Pipe Dream (1955).

-   Carousel (1957). Musical drama (revival).

-   The World of Suzie Wong (1958). Drama. Written by 'Paul Osborn (I)' (qv). Based on the novel by 'Richard Mason (I)' (qv). "How Can You Forget?" by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv) and 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Special arrangements by 'Benny Goodman (I)' (qv). Scenic Design by 'Jo Mielziner' (qv). Costume Design by Dorothy Jeakins. Lighting Design by Jo Mielziner. Paintings by Wade Reynolds. Directed by 'Joshua Logan (I)' (qv). Broadhurst Theatre (moved to The 54th Street Theatre from 9 Nov 1959- 2 Jan 1960): 14 Oct 1958- 2 Jan 1960 (508 performances). Cast: 'France Nuyen' (qv) (as "Suzie Wong"), Ron Randell, 'William Shatner' (qv) (as "Robert Lomax"), Stephen Cheng, 'Noel Leslie' (qv) (as "George O'Neill"), Viraj Amonsin, Clifford Arashi, William Becker, Jorge Benhur, Kurt Bieber, Meiyu Chang, Stephen Cheng, Ellen Davalos, Derrick Dobb, Tracy Everitt, Ed Garrabrandt, Bill Harden, Karl Held, David Hill, Linda Ho, Ichisuki Ishikawa, Bill Jason, Flavia Hsu Kingman, David Kitchen, Tinya Lang Yun, Noel Leslie, Jerry Logas, Jin Jin Mai, John Mamo, Marc Marno, Sarah Marshall, Mary Mon Toy, Ted Morell, Richard Nieves, Ron Randell, Warren Robertson, Tsunao Sato, Sirat, Paul Smith, Fred Starbuck, Takayo, Hokon T'ang, Sufei T'ang, Vie Von Thom, Neil Vipond, Kathleen Widdoes. Produced by 'David Merrick (I)' (qv), Seven Arts Productions and Mansfield Prods. Note: Filmed as _The World of Suzie Wong (1960)_ (qv) starring 'William Holden (I)' (qv) (in the role originated by William Shatner) and 'Nancy Kwan' (qv).

-   Flower Drum Song (1958). Musical comedy.

-   The Sound of Music (1959). Musical.

-   No Strings (1962). Musical. Book by Samuel Taylor. Music by Richard Rodgers. Lyrics by Richard Rodgers. Dance arrangements by Peter Matz. Choreographed by 'Joe Layton' (qv). Associate Choreographer: Buddy Schwab. Musical Director: 'Peter Matz (I)' (qv). Directed by Joe Layton. 54th Street Theatre (moved to The Broadhurst Theatre from 1 Oct 1962- close): 15 Mar 1962- 3 Aug 1963 (580 performances + 1 preview on 14 Mar 1962). Cast: 'Diahann Carroll' (qv) (as "Barbara Woodruff"), 'Richard Kiley' (qv) (as "David Jordan"), 'Noëlle Adam' (qv) (as "Jeanette Valmy"), 'Don Chastain' (qv) (as "Mike Robinson"), 'Alvin Epstein' (qv) (as "Luc Delbert"), Mitchell Gregg (as Louis dePourtal"), 'Bernice Massi' (qv) (as "Comfort O'Connell"), Polly Rowles (as "Mollie Plummer"), Paul Cambeilh (as "Marcello Agnolotti"), Susanne Cansino (as "Dancer"), Julie Drake (as "Dancer"), Jean Eliot (as "Dancer"), Ginny Gan (as "Dancer"), Gene GeBauer (as "Dancer"), Ellen Graff (as "Dancer"), Ann Hodges (as "Gabrielle Bertin/Dancer"), Diana Hrubetz (as "Dancer"), Kay Hudson (as "Dancer"), Scott Hunter (as "Dancer"), Alan Johnson (as "Dancer"), Sandy Leeds (as "Dancer"), Michael Maurer (as "Dancer"), Larry Merritt (as "Dancer"), Anna Marie Moylan (as "Dancer"), David Neuman (as "Dancer"), Patti Pappathatos (as "Dancer"), Janet Paxton (as "Dancer"), Wakefield Poole (as "Dancer"), Dellas Rennie (as "Dancer"), Bea Salten (as "Dancer"), Carol Sherman (as "Dancer"), Calvin von Reinhold Dancer"), Mary Zahn (as "Dancer"). Produced by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Produced in association with Samuel Taylor.

-   Pal Joey (1963).

-   Do I Hear a Waltz? (1965).

-   Annie Get Your Gun (1966). Musical comedy (revival). Music by Irving Berlin. Lyrics by 'Irving Berlin (I)' (qv). Book by 'Herbert Fields' (qv) and 'Dorothy Fields' (qv). Music orchestrated by Robert Russell Bennett. Dance arrangements by 'Dick DeBenedictis' (qv). Musical Director: Jonathan Anderson. Dances and production numbers staged by 'Danny Daniels (I)' (qv). Directed by Jack Sydow. Broadway Theatre: 21 Sep 1966- 26 Nov 1966 (78 performances). Cast: 'Ethel Merman' (qv) (as "Annie Oakley"), 'Bruce Yarnell' (qv) (as "Frank Butler"), 'Harry Bellaver' (qv) (as "Chief Sitting Bull"), Jack Dabdoub (as "Major Gordon Lillie/Pawnee Bill"), 'Jerry Orbach' (qv) (as "Charlie Davenport"), 'Rufus Smith' (qv) (as "Col. Wm. F. Cody/Buffalo Bill"), Benay Venuta (as "Dolly Tate"), Kenny Adams (as "Singer"), Bobbi Baird (as "Mrs. Percy Ferguson/Singer"), Diana Banks (as "Shy Girl/Dancer"), Bjarne Buchtrup (as "Dancer"), Chrysten Carroll (as "Singer"), Lynn Carroll (as "Mrs. Ernest Henderson/Singer"), Ronn Carroll (as "Foster Wilson/Mr. Schuyler Adams"), Tony Catanzaro (as "Wild Horse/Ceremonial Dancer"), Donna Conforti (as "Nellie/Annie's Sister"), Audrey Dearden (as "Singer"), Frank Derbas (as "Dancer"), Joanne DiVito (as "Dancer"), John Dorrin (as "Mac"), Property Man/Mr. Clay/Singer"), Lynn Dovel (as "Singer"), Carolyn Dyer (as "Dancer"), Mary Falconer (as "Mrs. Little Horse/Sylvia Potter-Porter/Singer"), Rozann Ford (as "Dancer"), Ronn Forella (as "Dancer"), David Forssen (as "Waiter/Singer"), Beno Foster (as "Porter/Singer"), Marcelo Gamboa (as "Dancer"), Patricia Hall (as "Mrs. Schyler Adams/Singer"), Barbara Hancock (as "Dancer"), Walt Hunter (as "Pawnee's Messenger/Mr. T.L.C. Keeler/Singer"), Gary Jendell (as "Yellow Foot/Dancer"), Daniel Joel (as "Dancer"), Ben Laney (as "Major Domo/Singer"), Ruth Lawrence (as "Dancer"), Jim Lynn (as "Conductor/Singer"), David Manning (as "Little Jake/Annie's Brother"), Brynar Mehl (as "Iron Tail/Dancer"), Deanna Melody (as "Little Girl"), Florence Mercer (as "Singer"), Gene Myers (as "Dancer"), Kuniko Narai (as "Mrs. Yellow Foot/Dancer "), Marc Rowan (as "Dr. Percy Ferguson/Singer"), Eva Marie Sage (as "Mrs. Black Tooth/Dancer"), Jeffrey Scott (as "Little Boy/Indian Boy"), Holly Sherwood (as "Minnie/Annie's Sister"), Grant Spradling (as "Mr. Ernest Henderson/Singer"), Jeanne Tanzy (as "Jessie, Annie's Sister"), Evelyn Taylor (as "Dancer"), Susan Terry (as "Singer"). Produced by Music Theater of Lincoln Center ('Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv): president and producing director).

-   Avanti! (1968).

-   Two By Two (1970). Musical.

-   Enter chronological additions here.

-   I Remember Mama (1979). Musical.

-   Oklahoma! (1979). Musical comedy (revival).

-   (2008-2009) Lorenz Hart and his musical, "The Boys from Syracuse," was adapted by David H. Bell and Keith Harrison Dworkin at the Drury Lane Theatre in Oakbrook, Illinois. David H. Bell was musical director and choreographer.

-   (2000) 'Moss Hart' (qv) and his musical, "Pal Joey", was performed in a Chichester Festival Production at the Minerva Studio Theatre in Chichester, West Sussex, England with 'Martin Crewes' (qv), 'Susannah Fellows' (qv), 'Clare Burt' (qv), 'John Guerrasio' (qv), 'Michelle Hodgson' (qv) and 'Wayne Cater' (qv) in the cast. Loveday Ingram was the director.

-   (March 1928) Conrad, Gus Kahn, Lorenz Hart and his musical, "The Girl Friend," was performed at the Grand Theatre in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England with Babette Odeal, Henry Lytton Jr., Cora Goffin, Arthur Roscoe, and Charles Hanbury in the cast.

-   (1947) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "Oklahoma!," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Harold Keel, Betty Jane Watson, Dorothea MacFarland, Walter Donahue, Mary Marlo, Marek Windheim, Henry Clarke, and Wm. J. McCarthy in the cast.

-   (1948) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "Oklahoma!," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Chris Robinson, Isabel Bigley, Mary Marlo, Victor Griffin, and Patricia Englund in the cast.

-   (1949) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "Oklahoma!," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Chris Robinson, Isabel Bigley, Betty Jo Jones, Victor Griffin, Jennie Gregson, Harry Ross, and Walter Peterson in the cast.

-   (1950) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "Carousel," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Iva Withers, Stephen Douglass, Margot Moser, Marion Ross, Eric Mattson, Jack Melford, William Sherwood, and Kenneth Sandford (chorus) in the cast.

-   (1951) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "South Pacific", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Mary Martin (I)' (qv), 'Wilbur Evans' (qv), 'Ray Walston' (qv), 'Muriel Smith (I)' (qv) and 'Larry Hagman' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1952) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "South Pacific", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Julie Wilson (I)' (qv) and 'Wilbur Evans' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1952) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "South Pacific", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Mary Martin (I)' (qv), 'Wilbur Evans' (qv), 'Muriel Smith (I)' (qv), 'Peter Grant (VI)' (qv) and 'Larry Hagman' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1953) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "The King and I", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Valerie Hobson' (qv), 'Herbert Lom' (qv), 'Muriel Smith (I)' (qv), 'Martin Benson (I)' (qv), Doreen Duke, 'Sonya Hana' (qv) and 'Jan Muzurus' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1954) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "South Pacific", was performed at the Theatre Royal in Birmingham, England with 'Patricia Hartley' (qv), 'Neville Whiting' (qv), 'Helen Landis' (qv), 'Eddie Leslie' (qv), 'David Williams (I)' (qv), 'Robert Henderson (I)' (qv) and 'Sean Connery' (qv) (played "Sergeant Kenneth Johnston") in the cast.

-   (1954) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "Pal Joey", was performed at the Princes Theatre in London, England with 'Carol Bruce' (qv), 'Dick France (II)' (qv) and 'Arthur Lowe' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1954) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "The King and I", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Valerie Hobson' (qv) and 'Herbert Lom' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1955) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "The King and I", was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with 'Eve Lister' (qv), 'George Pastell' (qv) and 'Muriel Smith (I)' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1956) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "The King and I", was performed at the Theatre Royal in Birmingham, England with 'Eve Lister' (qv), 'George Pastell' (qv), Nan Williams and 'Helen Landis' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1961) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "The Sound of Music", was performed at the Palace Theatre in London, England with 'Jean Bayliss' (qv), 'Roger Dann' (qv), Constance Shacklock, 'Eunice Gayson' (qv), 'Harold Kasket' (qv) and 'Olive Gilbert (I)' (qv) in the cast.

-   (November 7,1963) Lorenz Hart and his musical, "The Boy from Syracuse," was performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London, England with Bob Monkhouse, Ronnie Corbett, and Denis Quilley in the cast.

-   (1964) His musical, "No Strings," was performed at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, England with Art Lund, Beverly Todd, Hy Hazel, Marti Stevens, Ferdy Mayne, David Halliday, Erica Rogers, and Geoffrey Hutchings in the cast. Joe Layton was director.

-   (1974) Lorenzo Hart and his musical, "Pal Joey," was performed at the Northcott Theatre in Exeter, Devon, England with Steven Grives, Dilys Hamlett, and Vincent Brimble in the cast. Clive Barker was director.

-   (1977) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The King and I," was performed at the Uris Theatre on Broadway in New York City with Yul Brynner and Constance Towers in the cast.

-   (July 1979) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The King and I," was performed at the London Palladium in London, England with Yul Brynner, Virginia McKenna, and John Bennett in the cast. Yuriko was director.

-   (1979) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The King and I," was performed at the London Palladium in London, England with Yul Brynner, Virginia McKenna, and John Bennett in the cast. Yuriko was director.

-   (1980) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "Pal Joey", was performed at the Albery Theatre in London, England with 'Denis Lawson' (qv) and 'Siân Phillips' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1980) 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and his musical, "Oklahoma!", was performed at the Palace Theatre in London, England with 'John Diedrich' (qv), 'Rosamund Shelley' (qv) and 'Alfred Molina' (qv) in the cast.

-   (1981) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The Sound of Music," was performed at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in London, England with Petula Clarke, June Bronhill, Michael Jayston, and Honor Blackman in the cast. John Fearnley was director.

-   (July 1981) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "Pal Joey", was performed at the Albery Theatre in London, England with 'Denis Lawson' (qv) and Sian Phillps' in the cast.

-   (1981) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The Sound of Music," was performed at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in Victoria, London, England with Petula Clarke, June Bronhill, Michael Jayston, and Honor Blackman in the cast. John Fearnley was director.

-   (June 1984) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "On Your Toes", was performed at the Palace Theatre in London, England with 'Natalia Makarova' (qv), 'Tim Flavin (I)' (qv), 'Honor Blackman' (qv), 'John Bennett (I)' (qv) and 'Siobhan McCarthy (I)' (qv) in the cast. 'George Abbott (I)' (qv) was the director. 'George Balanchine' (qv) was the choreographer.

-   (March 1985) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "On Your Toes", was performed at the Palace Theatre in London, England with 'Honor Blackman' (qv), 'John Bennett (I)' (qv), 'Doreen Wells' (qv), 'Tim Flavin (I)' (qv) and 'Siobhan McCarthy (I)' (qv) in the cast. 'George Abbott (I)' (qv) was the director. 'George Balanchine' (qv) was the choreographer.

-   (May 1985) 'Lorenz Hart' (qv) and his musical, "On Your Toes", was performed at the Palace Theatre in London, England with 'Doreen Wells' (qv), 'Tim Flavin (I)' (qv), 'Elspet Gray' (qv), 'John Bennett (I)' (qv) and 'Siobhan McCarthy (I)' (qv) in the cast. 'George Abbott (I)' (qv) was the director. 'George Balanchine' (qv) was the choreographer.

-   (1988) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "South Pacific," was performed at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London, England with Gemma Craven, Emile Belcourt, Bertice Reading, and Andrew C. Wadsworth in the cast. Roger Redfarn was director.

-   (June 1987) Lorenz Hart and his musical, "The Boys from Syracuse," was performed at the Central School of Speech and Drama in London, England with Geoffrey P. Cantor, Gregor McElvogue, Sean Hudson, Julian Silvester, Amanda Curry, Caoline Seed, Stephen Tomkinson, and Laurence Kennedy in the cast. George Hall was director.

-   Pal Joey (1963). Comedy (revival). Book by 'John O'Hara (II)' (qv). Music by 'Richard Rodgers (I)' (qv). Lyrics by 'Lorenz Hart' (qv). Musical Director: Pembroke Davenport. Conducted by 'Pem Davenport' (qv). Choreographed by George Martin and 'Ethel Martin (II)' (qv). Directed by Gus Schirmer. City Center: 29 May 1963- 9 Jun 1963 (15 performances). Cast: Art Barnett (as "Mike Spears"), Nancy Baron (as "Dancer"), Charles Basile (as "Victor"), 'Emory Bass' (qv) (as "Ernest"), Gerard Brentte (as "Dancer"), Carol Carlin (as "Dancer"), Shelia Cass (as "Dancer"), Alan Castner (as "Dancer"), George Church (as "Commissioner O'Brien"), John Coyle (as "Escort/Dancer"), Larry Davids (as "Dancer"), Dorothy D'Honau (as "Iris/Dancer"), 'Marilyn D'Honau' (qv) (as "Francine/Dancer"), Hamp Dickens (as "Dancer"), Elaine Dunn (as "Gladys Bumps"), Jack Durant (as "Ludlow Lowell"), Dorothy Dushock (as "Diane/Dancer"), Mercedes Ellington (as "Sandra/Dancer"), Shellie Farrell (as "Dottie/Dancer"), 'Bob Fosse' (qv) (as "Joey Evans"), Rita Gardner (as "Linda English"), Judith Haskell (as "Dancer"), Jim Hovis (as "Dancer"), Daniel Jasinski (as "Dancer"), Carole Kroon (as "Mickey/Dancer"), John Lankston (as "Louis, The Tenor"), Jann Le Prade (as "Adele/Dancer"), 'Viveca Lindfors' (qv) (as "Vera Simpson"), 'Betty Hyatt Linton' (qv) (as "Valerie"), David Lober (as "Dancer"), Sigyn Lund (as "Dancer"), 'Kay Medford' (qv) (as "Melba Snyder"), Carmen Morales (as "Dancer"), Barbara Richman (as "Dancer"), Paul Reid Roman (as "Dancer"), Bentley Roton (as "Dancer"), John D. Seymour (as "Mr. Hoople"), Patricia Sigris (as "Dancer"), Roy Smith (as "Dancer"), Pat Turner (as "Kid"), Babs Warden (as "Dancer"), Lester Wilson (as "Lester"), George Zima (as "Schultz/Dancer"). Understudies: Charles Basile (as "Joey Evans"), Anne C. Russell (as "Melba Snyder/Vera Simpson"), Pat Turner (as "Gladys Bumps"). Produced by New York City Center Light Opera Company (Jean Dalrymple: Director).

-   (April 25,1988 11:30pm performance) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "South Pacific," was preformed in aid of Motor Neurone Disease Association Charity Performance at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London, England with Gemma Craven, Emile Belcourt, Bertice Reading, and Andrew C. Wadsworth in the cast. Roger Redfarn was director.

-   (1988) Lorenz Hart and his musical, "The Girl Friend," was performed at the Yvonne Arnaud Theater in Guildford, Surrey, England with Patrick Mower, Hugh Lloyd, Maxine Audley, and Eileen Battye in the cast. Michael Winter was director.

-   (2010-2011) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "Some Enchanted Evening...Songs Rogers and Hammerstein," was performed at the Theo Ubique Cabaret Theatre Association with Michael James in Chicago, Illinois. Austin Cook was musical director.

-   (2010-2011) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The King and I," was performed at the Porchlight Music Theatre in Chicago, Illinois with Brianna Borger and Kate Garassino in the cast. Bill Morey was costume designer.

-   (2011-2012 Season) Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's musical, "The Sound of Music," was performed at the Drury Lane Oakbrook Theatre in Chicago, Illinois with Jennifer Blood and Patti Cohenour in the cast. Rachel Rockwell was director. Roberta Duchak was musical director.

-   (2011-2012 Season) Oscar Hammerstein and his musical, "The Sound of Music," was performed at the Drury Lane Oakbrook Theatre in Chicago, Illinois with Jennifer Blood and Patti Cohenour in the cast. Rachel Rockwell was director. Roberta Duchak was musical director.


-   Meryle Secrest. _Somewhere for Me: A Biography of Richard Rodgers._ New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.

-   'Samuel Marx' (qv), 'Jan Clayton (I)' (qv). _Rodgers and Hart: Bewitched, Bothered and Bedeviled._ New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1976.

-   Richard Rodgers. _Musical Stages._ New York: Random House, 1975.

-   William G. Hyland. _Richard Rodgers._ New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998. ISBN 0300071159

-   Geoffrey Block. _Richard Rodgers._ New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003. ISBN 0300097476


-   Defending his songs and style in a changing world: "What's wrong with sweetness and light? It's been around quite awhile."

-   Whenever I get an idea for a song, even before jotting down the notes, I can hear it in the orchestra, I can smell it in the scenery, I can see the kind of actor who will sing it, and I am aware of an audience listening to it.

-   Referring to 'Oscar Hammerstein II' (qv) and what became the song "It Might As Well Be Spring": "He gave me a lyric. And when he gives me a lyric, I write music."


-   _Words and Music (1948)_ (qv)

-   _"Great Performances" (1970) {The Rodgers & Hart Story: Thou Swell, Thou Witty (#27.7)}_ (qv)

-   _The World of Richard Rodgers: Part Two (1967) (TV)_ (qv)

-   _The World of Richard Rodgers: Part One (1967) (TV)_ (qv)

-   _"American Masters" (1985) {Richard Rodgers: The Sweetest Sounds (#16.3)}_ (qv)

-   _Richard Rodgers: Some Enchanted Evening (2002) (TV)_ (qv)

-   _America Salutes Richard Rodgers: The Sound of His Music (1976) (TV)_ (qv)


-   "The New York Times" (USA), 14 January 2009, Vol. 158, Iss. 54,555, pg. C9, by: Stephen Holden, "Recalling Rodgers, Along With His Friends"

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Acting in movies

  1. Hollywood Singing and Dancing: A Musical Treasure (2008) (TV)
  2. A Life in Words and Music (2007) (V)
  3. A Classic Evolves: From Print to Stage to Screen (2006) (V)
  4. Faces of the East: Casting Flower Drum Song (2006) (V)
  5. Something Wonderful: The Story of 'The King and I' (2006) (V)
  6. The Legacy of Rodgers and Hammerstein (2006) (V)
  7. Turns on the Carousel (2006) (V)
  8. "Great Performances" (1970) {From Shtetl to Swing (#34.1)}
  9. "Broadway: The American Musical" (2004) {Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin': 1943-1960 (#1.4)}
  10. "Broadway: The American Musical" (2004) {Syncopated City: 1919-1933 (#1.2)}
  11. "Great Performances" (1970) {The Great American Songbook (#31.11)}
  12. "Walk on By: The Story of Popular Song" (2001) {From Russia with Love (#1.1)}
  13. "Walk on By: The Story of Popular Song" (2001) {Soundtrack (#1.7)}
  14. "Biography" (1987) {Shirley Jones: Hollywood's Musical Mom}
  15. "New York: A Documentary Film" (1999)
  16. "American Masters" (1985) {Yours for a Song: The Women of Tin Pan Alley (#13.7)}
  17. "Great Performances" (1970) {The Rodgers & Hart Story: Thou Swell, Thou Witty (#27.7)}
  18. Rodgers & Hammerstein: The Sound of Movies (1996) (TV)
  19. Rodgers & Hammerstein: The Sound of American Music (1985) (TV)
  20. The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1978) (TV)
  21. "All You Need Is Love" (1977) {Diamonds as Big as the Ritz: The Musical (#1.8)}
  22. "All You Need Is Love" (1977) {Introduction (#1.1)}
  23. "Day at Night" (1973) {Richard Rodgers}
  24. The 26th Annual Tony Awards (1972) (TV)
  25. "The David Frost Show" (1969) {(#3.125)}
  26. "The David Frost Show" (1969) {(#3.73)}
  27. "The David Frost Show" (1969) {(#3.78)}
  28. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#21.30)}
  29. The World of Richard Rodgers: Part One (1967) (TV)
  30. The World of Richard Rodgers: Part Two (1967) (TV)
  31. "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" (1962) {(1963-03-11)}
  32. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#16.38)}
  33. The 16th Annual Tony Awards (1962) (TV)
  34. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#16.6)}
  35. "The Bell Telephone Hour" (1959) {The Music of Richard Rodgers (#4.4)}
  36. "Startime" (1959/I) {The Talent Scouts Program (#1.21)}
  37. "The Voice of Firestone" (1949) {An Evening with Richard Rodgers (#10.35)}
  38. "The Perry Como Show" (1948) {(1958-06-07)}
  39. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#11.26)}
  40. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#11.39)}
  41. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#12.14)}
  42. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#10.27)}
  43. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#9.20)}
  44. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#8.29)}
  45. General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein (1954) (TV)
  46. "Producers' Showcase" (1954) {Dateline (#1.3)}
  47. Main Street to Broadway (1953)
  48. "Person to Person" (1953) {(#1.6)}
  49. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#5.23)}
  50. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#5.41)}
  51. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#5.42)}
  52. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#5.43)}
  53. "The Carmel Myers Show" (1951) {(1951-06-26)}
  54. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#4.30)}
  55. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#5.2)}
  56. "Penthouse Party" (1950) {(#1.11)}
  57. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#2.41)}
  58. "Toast of the Town" (1948) {(#1.1)}
  59. Hallelujah I'm a Bum (1933)
  60. An Intimate Dinner in Celebration of Warner Bros. Silver Jubilee (1930)
  61. Makers of Melody (1929)

Written

  1. South Pacific (1958) (adapted from the play "South Pacific") <2,1,1>
  2. I Married an Angel (1942) (musical adaptation for play) <2,1,1>
  3. Babes in Arms (1939) (based on the play by) (as Richard Rogers) <2,1,1>
  4. On Your Toes (1939) (musical play) <3,1,1>
  5. Heads Up (1930) (play)

Movies Produced

  1. Annie Get Your Gun (1967) (TV) (producer: stage production)
  2. Cinderella (1965) (TV) (executive producer)
  3. Oklahoma! (1955) (executive producer) (uncredited)

Misc

  1. The Sound of Music (1965) (originally produced on the stage by)
  2. South Pacific (1958) (originally produced on the stage by)
  3. South Pacific (1958) (presenter) (as Rodgers and Hammerstein)
  4. Oklahoma! (1955) (presents) (as Rodgers)
  5. Annie Get Your Gun (1950) (producer: stage play)
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